“The Catcher in the Rye and The Five Levels of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs”
In the article “The Five levels of Maslow's hierarchy of needs” by Abraham Maslow explains the basic needs that a person wants to achieve during his or her lifetime. Cherry states that there are 5 basic needs a person wants to achieve, which are physiological, security, social, esteem, and self actualization being the highest of these needs. The needs go up as a pyramid and the higher you go the longer and harder the needs are to full fill. Then higher needs become more important than the needs below it. Maslow also explains in the article how the needs will not necessarily appear in the same order depending on the type of person. In the book “Catcher in the Rye” by J.D Salinger, the main character Holden is working up the pyramid of needs. He gets to a point where the needs take over him and to reach the needs that his behavior is impacted by them. Holden has achieved part of the needs but not fully, the need of love, esteem and self actualize have not t only certain parts of it have. this has led to the behavior of change throughout the story and for him to try everything he can to accomplish the needs. One of the needs that holden wants to achieve in the book is social.According to Maslow the social need is “[The] needs for belonging, love and affection”(1). Holden tries many ways to satisfy the need. He starts talking to strangers on the street and he even invites the taxicab men for a drink(60-61). Holden does not have the social need because he doesn't have many friends and his parents do not pay much attention to him. Holden wants to have friends and feel the need to be loved. The only person that shows love for him is his sister Phoebe. Holden really cares about her and feels that she is the only one that loves him. Also, Holden wants to satisfy the social need because when he goes on a date with Sally he starts to tell her that they should get married and go live...
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