(a) In your opinion, do you think whistleblowing will work in Malaysia? Elaborate on the reasons in support of your opinion. In my opinion, Whistle blowing will not work in Malaysia. From the passage, this is due to several reason. Firstly is due to culture, culture is where a group of people believe and behave the same way as it is. From this case, Malaysia's culture is to prefer to keep things their own secretly. Basically they just dont want to review what is happening and just keep quiet and act nothing which is also known as open 1 eye close 1 eye basis. Just like in an office, many of them just prefer to keep quiet even bad things are happening, they just don’t want to get involve and end up being boycott or something else. Secondly is the fraud and corruption occurring whenever people exist in both private and public sector. In Malaysia, corruption is all over places. Many people gather up to do the same thing and they share all the benefits, so whistle blowing is not going to work as people are gathering up for something where all got benefits. Just like traffic police, they bribe for not issuing summons. Besides, media has also been bribe to provide false information to make fake news and information to the public to keep their reputation. This is mostly done by the government. Thirdly is due to time consuming and costly to manage. Due to too many corruption and bribe occur in Malaysia, to emphasize whistle blowing in Malaysia, it needs a lot of time and cost to see a great result. In Malaysia, it is not easy to convince people to whistle blow. Sometimes benefit from bribe and corruptions are more from whistle blowing reward. So many people would not corporate. Forth is the whistle blower will feel uncomfortable, guilty and afraid? Whistle blowing mainly is to reveal wrong doing of others and backstab people from doing something unethical. Due to this, they will feel uncomfortable by pointing somebody else out. Example like, a manager is very good to the employee and treat them well, but the manager has done something unethical. So the employee whistle blow and put the manager into disciplinary action. So they will feel uncomfortable and think that they betrayed someone and feel guilty. Due to the identity is not concealed, they will feel afraid on revenge by the victim. Just like the example above, the manager may take revenge. Lastly is the lack of knowledge and training about whistle blowing. In Malaysia, whistle blowing is not emphasized by many companies. Whistle blowing has not come to the stage where by people would corporate and whistle blow. Like the point above, corruption and bribe is all over Malaysia, so it's hard to convince people. Companies in Malaysia should give training and some short seminar for whistle blowing Knowledge for employees in every company and train them to be honest and stand up for wrong doing. Example like IBM spends money inviting experts to give a talk to provide knowledge and train their employee regarding whistle blow. However, if whistle blowing works in Malaysia, it can maintain effective corporate governance. This can be done by implementing a whistle blowing policy to companies to encourage whistle blowing. This could be fair to all the members of the companies and employee. All are treated equally by holding corporate leaders accountable and protect company stakeholders. Besides, it also can disclose corruption and other misconduct. Due to Malaysia has a lot of corruption cases, it can reduce corruption by working on it. At the same time, working on this can investigate and reveal more and more corruption cases. Just like a company working on whistle blowing, when they found out there are cases on corruption, it can link to other department and eventually can catch them.
(b) Evaluate THREE (3) mechanisms which can be used to encourage people to come forward and blow the whistle. Anonymous whistle-blowing mechanism
In the paragraph 4, in the US it is mandated by the...
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