Holly N. Pittman
Missouri State University – West Plains
DN is a 68 year old Caucasian male who lives in Pomona, Missouri. On September 14, 2009, DN underwent a scheduled left total knee arthroplasty at Baxter County Regional Medical Center. A consultation appointment about a total knee arthroplasty was scheduled when DN had increasing pain in his knees while doing chores and working on his dairy farm. The increasing pain DN was having been due to a history of osteoarthritis and the wear-and-tear on his joints throughout his life, no specific injury was noted. Depending on the outcome of the left knee, DN was consulted on having his right knee done in the future due to his active lifestyle as a dairy farmer. DN is presently in very good health despite his pain from osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is caused from wear and tear on the joints. The bones between a joint is cushioned by cartilage which after many years of use decreases. When the bones no longer have the cushion, pain and stiffness develops when the bones rub together (Total Knee Replacement, 2009). His health history includes overcoming prostate cancer approximately six years ago. After a prostatectomy to remove his cancer, DN continues to experience erectile dysfunction even after seeing many specialists and trying many treatment options. In 1999, DN had his appendix removed at Ozark Medical Center. DN has a herniorrhaphy and cataract surgery prior to this hospitalization. DN has no known allergies to drugs, food, or environmental allergens. The patient lives at home with his wife on a dairy farm. He handles about 170 head of dairy cattle that are milked twice a day. He retired from Howell-Oregon County Electrical approximately five years ago to help manage his farm on a full time basis. DN and his wife raised three children and have several grandchildren who come and visit frequently. DN does not have any significant...