Case Study: Osteoarthritis with a Total Knee Arthroplasty

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Case Study: Osteoarthritis with a Total Knee Arthroplasty
Holly N. Pittman
Missouri State University – West Plains

Patient History
DN is a 68 year old Caucasian male who lives in Pomona, Missouri. On September 14, 2009, DN underwent a scheduled left total knee arthroplasty at Baxter County Regional Medical Center. A consultation appointment about a total knee arthroplasty was scheduled when DN had increasing pain in his knees while doing chores and working on his dairy farm. The increasing pain DN was having been due to a history of osteoarthritis and the wear-and-tear on his joints throughout his life, no specific injury was noted. Depending on the outcome of the left knee, DN was consulted on having his right knee done in the future due to his active lifestyle as a dairy farmer. DN is presently in very good health despite his pain from osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is caused from wear and tear on the joints. The bones between a joint is cushioned by cartilage which after many years of use decreases. When the bones no longer have the cushion, pain and stiffness develops when the bones rub together (Total Knee Replacement, 2009). His health history includes overcoming prostate cancer approximately six years ago. After a prostatectomy to remove his cancer, DN continues to experience erectile dysfunction even after seeing many specialists and trying many treatment options. In 1999, DN had his appendix removed at Ozark Medical Center. DN has a herniorrhaphy and cataract surgery prior to this hospitalization. DN has no known allergies to drugs, food, or environmental allergens. The patient lives at home with his wife on a dairy farm. He handles about 170 head of dairy cattle that are milked twice a day. He retired from Howell-Oregon County Electrical approximately five years ago to help manage his farm on a full time basis. DN and his wife raised three children and have several grandchildren who come and visit frequently. DN does not have any significant history of nicotine, alcohol, or drug use. His diet has consisted of fresh fruits and vegetables from the garden throughout his life. These factors have all played a part in helping DN stay healthy without any underlying chronic disease processes. Physical Assessment

My physical assessment was performed on September 16, 2009. DN’s vital signs consisted of an apical pulse of 98, a respiration rate of 20, a temperature of 99.1 degrees Fahrenheit, an oxygen saturation of 96%, a lying blood pressure of 117/78, a sitting blood pressure of 116/75, and a standing blood pressure of 116/74. Patient was alert and oriented to person, place, time, and situation. Patient was able to spell WORLD forward and backwards. PERLA and noted cardinal field of gaze were intact. Eyes were clear with conjunctiva pink and no discharge noted. Patient’s head and face was symmetrical with no apparent skin breakdown. Patient had dentures intact in mouth with healthy, pink gums with no lesions present inside the mouth. Thorax was symmetrical with no signs of pulsations or lesions. Breath sounds clear in all lobes. Unlabored breaths. Heart sounds S1, S2 were heard upon auscultation in all four cardiac areas with normal rhythm. Abdomen is soft, symmetrical with hypoactive bowel sounds present in all four quadrants. Last bowel movement was on Sunday, September 13. Patient was passing flatus. No masses, distention, or lesions noted on the abdomen. No tenderness was noted in the abdomen. No edema was noted in the upper or lower extremities. Upper and lower extremities had no sign of lesions or discoloration. Saline locked on left forearm was intact with no redness or swelling. Surgical incision on lower left extremity had scant amounts of serosanguineous drainage, wound edges were well-approximated, slight erythemateous around incision, no odor present, and dressing was dry and intact. Pulses were strong and equal bilaterally- including carotid, brachial, radial, femoral, popliteal, dorsalis pedis,...
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