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Case Study on Melanoma Cody Wendell, Emily Turner, Aaron Nestor, Janie Williams

1. Cancer, a medical condition in which the cells start to mutate and multiply. Creating cells that have no purpose and cause major problems within the body. Biopsy, the medical process of cutting of a sample of the infected tissue to examine and observe to see what is wrong and how the disease is affecting the tissue. Tumor, a large group of cancerous cells within the body, often the start or cause of cancer, there are many types classifying where they are and how dangerous they are. Malignant Melanoma, this is the medical term for skin cancer. 2. Stage 0- Carcinoma in situ which means cancer in site. Stage 1-3- Higher numbers indicate more extensive disease. Larger tumor size and/or spread of the cancer beyond the organ in which it first developed to nearby lymph nodes and/or organs adjacent to the location to the primary tumor. Stage 4- The cancer has spread to other organs 3. There are several risks that can cause melanoma. Exposure to sunlight, weakened immune system, moles, skin type, family history, and living closer to the equator or at a higher elevation. 4. Patient: What are the treatment options? What stage of cancer he is in? What of the treatments have the highest chance to stop and get rid of the cancer? What are the side effects? How long would it take for the treatments to work? Doctor: How long do you spend in the sunlight? What are you willing to do, treatment wise? What is your family history? What types of medication are you taking? What are you allergic to? 1. Freezing, this kills small amount of skin cancer cells. Excisional Surgery, which cuts cancerous tissue. Laser Therapy, which kills superficial cancer cells. Mohs, which removes larger reoccurring cancer cells. Curettage and electrodessication, which scrapes away layers of cancer cells. Radiation therapy, used when surgery isn’t an option to kill off cancer...
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