Stafford Press was founded in 1993 as a one-man job-printing firm in a small southwestern town. Shortly after its founding, Lucas Stafford, the owner, decided to concentrate on one specialty line of printing. Because of a high degree of technical proficiency, the company experienced a rapid growth.
However, Stafford Press suffered from a competitive disadvantage in that the major market for its specialized output was in a metropolitan area over 300 miles away from the company’s plant. For this reason, in 2003, having accumulated some extra cash to finance a move, the owner decided to move nearer to his primary market. He also decided to expand and modernize his facilities at the time of the move. After some investigation, an attractive site was found in a suburb of his primary market, and the move was made.
A balance sheet prepared just prior to the move is shown in Exhibit 1. The transactions that arose from this move are described in the following paragraphs:
1. The land at the old site, together with the building thereon, was sold for $149,860 cash.
2. Certain equipment was sold for $35,200 cash. This equipment appeared on the books at a cost of $73,645 less accumulated depreciation of $40,890 for a net book value of $32,755.
3. A new printing press was purchased. The invoice cost of this equipment was $112,110. A 2 percent cash discount was taken by Stafford Press so that only $109,868 was actually paid to the seller. Stafford Press also paid $450 to a trucker to have this equipment delivered. Installation of this equipment was made by Stafford Press employees who worked a total of 60 hours. These workers received $15 per hour in wages, but their time was ordinarily charged to printing jobs at $30.50 per hour, the difference representing an allowance for Overhead ($12.15) and profit ($3.35).
4. Stafford Press paid $140,000 to purchase land on which the new plant was to be built. A rundown building, which Stafford’s appraiser said had no value, was standing on the plot of land. Stafford Press paid $21,235 to have the old building on the plot of land torn down. In addition, the company paid $13,950 to have permanent drainage facilities installed on the new land.
5. A new composing machine with an invoice cost of $28,030 was purchased. The company paid $20,830 cash and received a trade-in allowance of $7,200 on a used piece of equipment. The used equipment could have been sold outright for not more than $6,050. It had cost $12,000 new, and accumulated depreciation on it was $5,200, making the net book value $6,800.
6. The company erected a building at the new site for $561,000. Of this amount, $136,000 was paid in cash, and $425,000 was borrowed on a mortgage.
7. Trucking and other costs associated with moving equipment from the old location to the new location and installing it were $8,440. In addition, Stafford Press employees worked an estimated 125 hours on that part of the move that related to equipment.
Condensed Balance Sheet
As of December 31, 2003
Assets liabilities and owner’s equity
Cash $395,868 Current Liabilities $160,223 Other current assets 251,790 Common Stock 400,000 Total current assets 647,658 Retained earnings 358,648
Property and equipment:
$ 34,034 Buildings 350,064 Less: Accumulated depreciation 199,056
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