Currently California is facing a water shortage. The issue has been addressed by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger in February. He called for all state agencies to find the way to help in the statewide water shortage. This is California’s third consecutive year of drought and last spring and summer was the worst of the season because it had the lowest amount of water recorded and California’s reservoirs were at their lowest point as well which did not help in the water shortage. Many agencies have been acquired to find possible solutions to the water shortage, the Department of Water Resources has been directed to find solutions to the problem as well as asking people to conserve water.
One of the main factors of the water shortage is the many polluted rivers and waterways California has. Rivers are polluted with trash and run-off of chemical waste from many different places. Storms as well are a big factor in the polluted water. After many storms run-off from many rivers from neighboring places all ends up in the Pacific at some point. In San Diego run-off from the Tijuana River always ends up on San Diego Beaches. Making the water polluted and filled with trash. The trash ends up in places where water is needed and the water cannot be used because it is not viable.
Rivers provide for a large amount of water that farmers need to grow their crops in California. Many farms are built along the many rivers. With pollution in the water many farmers cant use the water that the river provides because it would cause their crops to go bad. And would lead to many other problems and possibly failure and loss of the farms. (Imperial Beach, San Diego, CA)
One of the problems in the polluted waterways is that more freshwater is being used. California has many rivers that have unhealthy water so river waters cant be used. Since more freshwater is being used it is not being replenished, more water is being used and less is being put back. Through the recent years there has been less rain that has been able to replenish the California water system. Water is a necessity for Californians because California supplies more than one-fourth of the worlds agriculture. Water is something that farmers and farms cannot go with out. It is vital for farmers to have water or else many farms would collapse and the world would have less food and it would have dire consequences.
California has started many programs to start to clean the polluted waterways. Sacramento Regional Sanitation District has started the “All About Wastewater” program that covers water treatment and ways to recycle the water that has been polluted. The State Water Resource Control Board is in charge of making sure the waters are not polluted and if so they have to find solutions to try and make the water less polluted. The Bay Protection and Toxic Waste Cleanup program helps protects the bays waterways and ensure the coast is pollution free. Many of these programs are in use to try and protect the waterways but still don’t help a lot with the current water program because many of the water ways are still polluted. They help to protect but their efforts aren’t what we need because California is still in need of water.
Currently California is 60% of normal for water runoff and last year California was 53% of normal. With recent rain it still doesn’t help the water supply because it would slightly increase the amount of water in California’s reserve. Being that California is well below normal actions have to be taken to make sure each city has enough water to make sure it can survive.
Many cities have taken actions by themselves to conserve water. Las Virgenes, CA has taken mandatory conservation measures to make water last. These mandatory measures started in March of 2009 and are currently in place. People are not allowed to irrigate between the hours of 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. Irrigation cannot happen during rainy weather or one day...