The Buffalo Soldiers or the "Negro Calvary" were an elite group of soldiers that in the Civil War, Spanish-American War, World War1 and up to World War 2. These men were African American soldiers. The first Buffalo regiment formed on September 21, 1866 in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. The Buffalo Soldiers started out as an all-black peacetime regiment that fought alongside the Union army during the Civil War. The Buffalo Soldiers were composed of 2 regiments which is the 9th and 10th U.S Calvary, and 4 infantry regiments which were the 38th, 39th, 40th, and 41st Infantry. The Buffalo Soldiers fought in the Philippine-American War as well, but disagreed on the war saying that the U.S were forcing them to fight their fight. Since first arriving on the Philippines on July 30 and August 1 1899, over 7,000 Buffalo Soldiers saw action in the Philippines. It was said that the United States used African American soldiers in the Philippines because they believed that African Americans were much more immune to the tropical diseases that the Philippines had and therefore were much better soldiers to use in the War. Many Buffalo soldiers loved the Filipinos, culture, food and felt bad that they had to fight them. A lot of the Buffalo Soldiers even formed relationships with the Filipino Women and married them. The Buffalo Soldiers last saw action during Korean War when the Army started to desegregate the Buffalo Soldiers. The last of the Buffalo Soldiers were the 27th, and 28th regiments which were broken up on December 12, 1951. From that point on, African Americans were then integrated into other units in Korea and segregated army units never existed again. The oldest Buffalo Soldier was Mark Matthews who died on 2005 and was 111 years old. The Buffalo Soldiers were called "Buffalo" soldiers by the Native Americans simply because of the way that they fought, which was like a Buffalo. A story by the Native Americans felt as if they were fighting a Buffalo...
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