Buddhist Ethics Thought and Modern Society
Religion as an ideology and socio-cultural phenomenon, it has multiple social functions. Ethical values of religion as an invisible spiritual resource, more and more attention has been paid on it. Buddhist ethical thoughts are important part of Buddhist entire theoretical system, and they are also the fundamental beliefs and methods of Buddhism to achieve the liberation of life. Like other religions, the theory and practice of Buddhism is also inseparable from the ethical and moral factors, and Buddhist believers cannot get out social ethics. Buddhism was first formed on the basis of certain development patterns of the ancient Indian society which reflects the view of the society and life of ancient Indian religious believers. In Buddhism's long-term development process, in order to constantly adapt to the needs of the social and religious life, the Buddhist ethical thoughts constantly adjust and improve. Then it forms a special system which has a very rich connotation. These ethical thoughts mainly affected in the South Asian region. Later, with Buddhist propagation geographical expansion, its influence is expanding. Currently, its influence is in most parts of Asia, such as China, and even in many areas outside the Asian. Buddhist ethical is one of the basic forms of Eastern ethical thoughts; it also occupies an important position in the world in ethical thoughts. Buddhism as a religion which essentially in pursuit of standing aloof from worldly affairs, whether it has nothing to do with the reality of social life, the theory of standing aloof from worldly affairs of Buddhism for the social life in general is meaningless? The answer is no. This research paper will be a preliminary study of the basic concepts of Buddhist ethical thoughts, and how they affect the modern society. The research will be three parts, there are Basic concepts of Buddhist Ethics thoughts; the Influences and effects of the Buddhist ethic thoughts in the modern society; and The significance of Buddhism Ethics Thoughts to the modern spiritual civilization.
Three basic concepts of Buddhist ethics thought
The Buddhist ethics thought contains rich content, but its basic principles are not too many. From the research, it can mainly be summarized as three principles; there are the concept of equality, the concept of self-denial, and the concept of compassion altruism .
(1) The concept of equality
Buddhism in India is not the first religion, but also it usually is not the dominant religion in the Indian history. In Indian history, Brahmanism is earlier than Buddhism. Brahmanism and Hindu which is evolved by Brahmanism are the dominant religion in the history of India. The Brahmanism reflects four kinds surname in the Indian society the ideology of the Brahmin caste hierarchy. Before Buddhist was formed for a long period of time, the Indian intellectual has been dominated by Brahmanism. The popular Indian society ethical thought is the Brahmanism ethical thought, it generally used to maintain the caste system, adhere Brahmin must be the first level for all surnames, and lower castes must obey the upper caste. This situation was not significant change until Buddhist created.
Buddhism are the main representative of the Kshatriya and Vaishya caste of India the four kinds surname in the case of some people's ideas, largely reflects their political and economic interests and ideas. Buddhism (especially early Buddhism) opposed to the concept of caste of Brahmanism. It statements that a person’s lowliness and nobleness is not because of human origin, but because of the person's behaviors. Lowly origin also can be a sage. Samyuktagama points out that ask people’s behaviors is better than ask their origin, a small wood also can be burning, and a sage maybe has a lowly origin. Moreover, Dirhagama also said that my disciples have different castes and different origins. But now you become a monk,...
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