Brazilian. Similarly, writers would create novels, stories, and poems to portray Brazilian immigration, social issues, culture, and their overall strength. The indented audiences for these writers were bourgeoisie, people who were literate, and the rest of the world. Unfortunately in the early 1900’s, more than 60 percent of Brazil’s population over 15 years old was illiterate (HLA, 341). This means that it was the writers’ job to represent their country in a sophisticated and interesting way. As for the artists, like Cavalcanti and Heitor Villa-Lobos, a renowned samba painter, their audiences include Brazil’s entire illiterate group. Since the unknowing illiterate group could not connect with Brazil through literature, paintings helped to boost their overall feeling of nationalism. This entire movement began during Modern Art Week in 1922 to commemorate the centenary anniversary of Brazil’s independence from Portugal. Although Brazilian society was so heavily influenced by European ideals to the point where the entire nation speaks Portuguese, a large part of Brazilian culture emulated from African culture. The samba, a Brazilian song and dance that is known globally, resembles Angolan and Congolese cultural traditions (HLA,341). Samba originated in Rio de Janeiro from the big masses in the slums made up of blacks and lower classes. Samba played a big role in Carnival, a street festival and defined popular culture. Brazil also became known for its respectable ability to play soccer. Even though the country did not win a world championship until 1950, the local clubs thrived and the national sport became soccer. Now Brazil has won the world cup a record number of 5 times. Just like football and baseball are America’s pastimes, soccer is Brazil’s, and it is known worldwide. Even though Brazil was not known for its rich and fun culture then, it
blossomed into one of the world’s most recognizable cultures. The roots were implanted by these modernistas and succeeded in created a national identity. In the case of Brazil, the...