Bombing of Hiroshima
During World War II, the United States was working on the Manhattan Project – the development of the atomic bomb. The U.S. had several reasons to create and use this new weapon, including the obtaining of accurate effects, attempting to bring an end to the war with Japan more quickly, and to show America’s true power to the rest of the world in order to keep the Soviet Union from expanding its sphere of influence. After much consideration, the first atomic bomb was dropped on the city of Hiroshima early in the morning of August 6th, 1945. Although America’s decision did have its benefits, in light of its many other negative consequences, the decision to drop the bomb on that fateful day was not and cannot be justified. The bomb was dropped at approximately 8:14 a.m in the morning on the waking city of Hiroshima. Accompanying the explosion was a brilliant flash of light with a burst of heat, with temperatures exceeding 1800 degrees Celsius. Thus, the consequences of the atomic bomb were unimaginably horrible. Firstly, 90% of the buildings within the radius of 2km of where the bomb was dropped—which is also sometimes referred to as within the ‘Ground Zero’ area --were completely destructed (TOP SECRET). Furthermore, approximately 350,000 people died directly from the atomic bomb, and 140.000 people died due to nuclear radiation that it created. Even worse, the number of victims that were affected by the bomb doesn’t end here. In fact, many unborn babies were also exposed to radiation in their mother’s womb, a disease known as the ‘A-bomb microcephaly’. (A-bomb damage continues). As a result of this disease, not only did these babies suffer in their mother’s womb, but would suffer for the rest of their lives once they were born (if they managed to even survive birth). This is because such children were born with many body abnormalities and disfigurations, such as face, hands, and leg disorders. It still doesn’t end here -- the explosion also led to the creation of a lot of dark smoke and ash spread throughout the city. Hence, this smoke and ash mixed into the atmosphere and through the water cycle, it mixed in with the rain water and contaminated it, literarily creating black raindrops that fell over the city. Not only did this black rainwater damage the skin of many people if they were exposed to it, it also seeped into the drinking water systems of the city, and thus, many people were also poisoned to death as a result of drinking water that was contaminated with such black rain. Now ask yourself, do these thousands of lives, a majority of which were innocent, deserve to die in such a brutal way, in the name of war? When America decided to drop the bomb on Hiroshima, they actually had four potential target cities that were on their hit list for the bomb – they were Kokura, Niigata, Nagasaki, and finally of course, Hiroshima (TOP SECRET). Out of these four, Hiroshima was chosen for some specific reasons. First of all, the specific size and shape of the city were characteristics that would make the dropping of the bomb very destructive on the city. Also, Hiroshima had a high concentration of troops with military facilities and military factories that thus far hadn’t been damaged in any way during the war (Hurried Use). Moreover, Hiroshima was the only city of the four that didn’t have allied prisoner-of-war camps. This meant that even if the United States dropped the bomb on the city, they would not have to have to worry about killing their own soldiers, or soldiers of other nations once they dropped the bomb on the city. In addition, the population of Hiroshima was rapidly increasing, with immigrants coming in from all over the nation. Hiroshima was a fast growing city and one of the few cities that had not been attacked by the Americans during the war, and it posed as a perfect target to strike and gain an upper hand on the Japanese ( Hurried Use). Finally, the United States made their decision to...
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