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Social Studies Lesson Plan Template

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Title: History of Political Parties in the U.S. Lesson Author: Gina Rumbolo, Tommy George Key Words: Federalist, Democratic-Republican, Democratic, National Republican, Whig Grade Level: 12 Time Allotted: 60 minutes (approximately) Rationale/ Purpose (so what?) Because students will be or are already of age to begin voting and involving themselves in the political process, it is important for them to understand the history of political parties to see where the parties have been and where they are headed. Students should understand why there have been two dominant parties throughout time in order to see how easy or difficult it will be for a party they might choose to identify with to influence politics.

Key Concept(s) include definition: • Two-party system – a system of government that encourages the dominance of two main parties. • Political party – a group of people with broad common interests who organize to win elections, control government and influence government policies. • Majority representation - a system in which an office is won by the single candidate who collects the most votes. • Proportional representation – a system in which legislative seats are given to a party in proportion to the vote that party wins in an election. • Plurality – The number by which the vote of the winning choice in such a contest exceeds that of the closest opponent.

Social Studies Lesson Plan Template

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NCSS Standard(s) SOL Information (As written in the Virginia SOL “Curriculum Framework” for the grade level) NCSS Theme (s) with indicators: 1. Individuals, Groups and Institutions a. help learners analyze group and institutional influences on people, events, and elements of culture in both historical and contemporary settings; b. assist learners in identifying and analyzing examples of tensions between expressions of individuality and efforts used to promote social conformity by groups and institutions; 2. Civic Ideals and Practices a. assist learners to understand the origins and interpret the continuing influence of key ideals of the democratic republican form of government b. provide opportunities for learners to practice forms of civic discussion and participation consistent with the ideals of citizens in a democratic republic c. facilitate learner efforts to locate, access, analyze, organize, synthesize, evaluate, and apply information about selected public issues -- identifying, describing, and evaluating multiple points of view;

SOL: Essential Knowledge
(minimum for SOL Resource Guide)
GOVT.3c The student will demonstrate knowledge of the concepts of democracy by recognizing majority rule and minority rights; GOVT.6a The student will demonstrate knowledge of local, state, and national elections by describing the organization, role, and constituencies of political parties. GOVT.6c The student will demonstrate knowledge of local, state, and national elections by examining campaign funding and spending. GOVT.6d The student will demonstrate knowledge of local, state, and national elections by analyzing the influence of media coverage, campaign advertising, and public opinion polls.

Essential Skills
(minimum for SOL Resource Guide)
GOVT.1a The student will demonstrate mastery of the social studies skills citizenship requires, including the ability to analyze primary and secondary source documents; GOVT.1d The student will demonstrate mastery of the social studies skills citizenship requires, including the ability to distinguish between relevant and irrelevant information; GOVT.1d The student will demonstrate mastery of the social studies skills citizenship requires, including the ability to select and defend positions in writing, discussion, and debate.

Social Studies Lesson Plan Template

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Guiding Question(s): • How have the two main parties changed and evolved over time? • Why do we have two main parties? Assessment Tool(s): • Main points put on butcher...
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