Week Three Assignment
Sarah Jakub, M.A., J.D.
The African-American group is the ethnic group that I belong to. During the years of 1450- 1750, Africans immigrated against their will by the Europeans for the slave trade in North America. Africans and their descendents endured harsh treatment, such as slavery, extreme physical and mental abuse, human exploitation, etc. When the Civil War began in 1861, African-Americans join the Union army to help fight for the civil rights for all men as stated in the Constitution. Even after all their contributions and when the war ended, African-Americans still faced prejudice and racism by not having the right to vote, prohibited from being educated, commute freely, forbidden to testify against an European-American, cannot disobey orders, or unable to leave a job without permission. Traveling alone could cause African-American to be arrested as well as sentenced to forced labor, etc. African-Americans had to suffer through segregation and the Jim Crow laws that displayed discrimination of a large magnitude against African-Americans that were just as harsh as slavery. During the era of the Jim Crow laws, African-Americans were also in fear of lives because it was known that supremacy groups and organizations, such as the Ku Klux Klan were torturing and killing African- Americans and those who violated the new codes of segregation and the Jim Crow laws. Dr. Martin Luther King is one of the most known African-American civil rights’ activists to help bring an end to the harsh discrimination that plagued the African-American communities.
The African-American group was also affected by dual labor market due to the limited education, racism, and segregation. They were mostly secondary labor workers, such as maids, gardeners, janitors, etc. Most individuals employed in the primary labor market were native born white men. Other minority ethnic groups and...