Birth Control in China: the One Child Policy

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Population Control In China
“ There are many ways to make the death rate increase” (Robert McNamara). The regulation of population via forced abortions, forced sterilizations, infanticide, and government programs does not only hurt the economy, but continuously damages it to a point of weakness and downfall. Population control in China has been hurting the Chinese people and destroying the Chinese economy for a span of 65 years, and continues to cause conflict even today. The one-child policy that exists within China’s communist government has and will continue to devastate the Chinese economy if forced sterilizations and abortions continue.

Population control in China has been prevalent in the Chinese economy ever since the communists took over china in 1949. When Mao Zedong took over as the dictator of China in the 1950’s, he proposed what he called “The Great Leap Forward” (“China Passes the One-Child Policy” 1). This giant movement encouraged the peoples of China “to have as many kids as possible in order to prove China’s greatness as the world’s most populous country” (“China Passes the One-Child Policy” 1). Due to a major increase in China’s population, “famine and disease” became a major concern for the Chinese government (“China” 1). The “Wan Xi Shao” Program was introduced as a way to regulate China’s population by “promoting later marriages, longer intervals between births, and fewer children” (“One-child Policy” 1). “Deng Xiaoping” proposed the “wan Xi Shao” program in 1978 when he came to power; however, it was not passed until 1979 (“China” 2). The Wan Xi Shao program eventually evolved into the one-child policy which Encouraged and promoted the same ideals as the Wan Xi Shao program, but provided government funds to those Chinese families that followed the policies (Friedman 5). With no “birth-control policy before the communists took over China in 1949, the fertility rate was 3.7% per year”; As of a census in 2002, “the annual fertility rate in...