Birmingham Church Bombing 1963

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Birmingham Church Bombing 1963
By: ????????
Birmingham was then the most segregated city in America and had the longest history of aggressive racial violence. Birmingham was called “Bombingham” by people in the civil rights movement because there was this long chain of unsolved bombings on black’s homes. Much of violence was perpetrated by the Ku Klux Klan.

The 16th Street Baptist Church was a symbol of the Civil Rights Movement in Birmingham. From the steps of the church, several black marchers, most of them kids, encounter the extreme force of police, attack dogs, and high pressure fire hoses. The Church became a special target… There was a horrific incident that took place in 1963 at the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama. It has been proven that members of the Ku Klux Klan bombed the African American church, which was an organizational centre for Civil Rights groups such as the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). People such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Ralph Abernathy congregated there regularly. In April earlier that year, the SCLC had launched the Birmingham campaign, a well planned protest movement, which fought to desegregate the South's most segregated major city. They also fought against the injustice of the brutality by the Birmingham Police Dept., which had very close ties to the KKK. The demonstrations and marches which involved thousands of African Americans eventually led to stores being desegregated. Also, just days before the bombing, schools in Birmingham had been ordered by a federal court to integrate nearly ten years after the Brown v Topeka case (the court order for all schools to desegregate). But, because not everyone agreed to integration, this had created an even more poisoned atmosphere of racial hatred. On Sunday the 15th of September, a white man was seen getting out of a white and turquoise Chevrolet car and placing a box under the steps of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church. This box was...
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