The waste produced in the course of health care activities carries a higher potential for infection and injury than any other type of waste. Therefore it is essential to have safe and reliable method for its handling. Inadequate or improper handling of biomedical waste may have serious public health consequences and a significant impact upon environment. Appropriate management of health care waste is thus a crucial component of environmental health protection and it should become an integral feature of health care services.
‘’ Biomedical Waste can be defined as any waste, which is generated during the diagnosis, treatment, or immunisation of human beings, or animals or in research activities pertaining thereto or in the production or testing of biological ,and including categories mentioned in the schedule.’'
- Biomedical waste management rule (1998)
‘’ Biomedical waste is the waste generated by the medical and healthcare institutes/agencies’’
- Keshav swarnkar(2006)
Biomedical waste is any waste which is capable of causing infection and injury or may cay lead to cytotoxic or poisonous effect.
Biomedical waste management-Definition
It can be defined as the process of treating the hazardous hospital waste through different steps and ensuring their harmlessness by suitable disposal.
HEALTH HAZARDS OF BIOMEDICAL WASTE
Exposure to hazardous health-care waste result in disease or injury due to ;
§ -it contains infectious agents
§ it contains toxic or hazardous chemicals or pharmaceuticals
§ it contains sharps
§ -it is genotoxic
§ -it is radioactive
All individuals exposed to such hazardous health care waste are potentially at risk;the main groups at risk are;
Ø --doctors, nurses, health care auxiliaries and... [continues]
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