Science Program conducts research on the biodiversity of El Salvador and the region, with the aim of establishing a scientific basis to support future operations of natural resource conservation.
Biodiversity is the variety of living creatures on planet Earth. This term includes diversity of species, genetic diversity and ecosystem diversity.
Conserving biodiversity is important because:
1. It is the basis of our own ecosystem, since trees are a source of energy (in the form of firewood or food), conserve water and soil, produce oxygen (to breathe), lower temperatures and global warming.
2. Native wildlife pest control, enriches soils, scattered tree seeds, and pollinating crops, increasing agricultural production. It is also attractive for ecotourism and recreation.
3. Is the original source of all crops that are the basis of the economy of El Salvador (coffee, sugar, corn, beans, etc.), as well as drugs we use to cure diseases (penicillin, for example), not to mention the use of herbs in traditional medicine.
Conservation of sea turtles
Globally there are eight species of sea turtles, six nests on the coast of Central America and four in the Salvadoran coast: the leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata), green sea turtle (Chelonia agasizzii) and the olive ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea).
Of these four definitely the most common is the olive ridley, not so closely followed the brown (black). The other two species are much more difficult to find as they are critically endangered (hawksbill and leatherback), while the olive ridley and brown (black), are in danger of extinction.
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