Bibliology: Inspiration and Inerrancy of the Bible

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Alton Peterson
Section Number THEO 201
Short Essay #1

Bibliology: Inspiration and Inerrancy of the Bible

The Christian Church believes the Bible is inspired and inerrant. This means that God is the one who moved through the writers to communicate to us the words which God wanted us to hear. This inspiration, however, is not a dictation, but a movement of God's Holy Spirit through the writer, utilizing the personality and style of the writer. Paul said, “All scripture is given by inspiration of God” (2 Tim.3:16), he was dealing with one area, which was the Old Testament. Another reference is 2 Peter 1:21, “Holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.”

Inerrancy means that all that is written in the inspired book (Holy Bible) is without error. Inspiration and inerrancy applies to the original writings, not to the copies. In other words, it is the original writings that are without error. The copies, sadly, have copyist errors in them, that were not made intentional. The Biblical Argument is the Bible teaching its own inspiration, authority and scripture using scripture to support inerrancy. Another argument is historical, which states that this has been the view of the church throughout its history. The last argument of inerrancy is epistemological. It is has been characterized by some as an example of over belief. Out of the three, the strongest will be The Biblical Argument and the weakest being the Epistemological Argument.

Therefore, when people/critics of the Bible point out contradictions what they are doing is either failing to understand the context of the passages they are examining, or they have gotten a Bible with copying errors. The fact is that there are indeed copyist errors on the biblical documents and they account for many alleged contradictions. Again, it is the autographs (original writings) that are inspired and inerrant, not the copies. The copies we have now are copies of...
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