Bell Hooks, “Talking Back”

Topics: Fluoride, Fluoride therapy, Water fluoridation Pages: 19 (6392 words) Published: January 9, 2013
Scientific Committee on Health and Environmental Risks SCHER

Critical review of any new evidence on the hazard profile, health effects, and human exposure to fluoride and the fluoridating agents of drinking water

SCHER adopted this pre-consultation opinion at its 7th plenary on 18 May 2010

Fluoridation of drinking water

About the Scientific Committees Three independent non-food Scientific Committees provide the Commission with the scientific advice it needs when preparing policy and proposals relating to consumer safety, public health and the environment. The Committees also draw the Commission's attention to the new or emerging problems which may pose an actual or potential threat. They are: the Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS), the Scientific Committee on Health and Environmental Risks (SCHER) and the Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks (SCENIHR) and are made up of external experts. In addition, the Commission relies upon the work of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), the European Medicines Evaluation Agency (EMEA), the European Centre for Disease prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). SCHER Opinions on risks related to pollutants in the environmental media and other biological and physical factors or changing physical conditions which may have a negative impact on health and the environment, for example in relation to air quality, waters, waste and soils, as well as on life cycle environmental assessment. It shall also address health and safety issues related to the toxicity and eco-toxicity of biocides. It may also address questions relating to examination of the toxicity and eco-toxicity of chemical, biochemical and biological compounds whose use may have harmful consequences for human health and the environment. In addition, the Committee will address questions relating to methodological aspect of the assessment of health and environmental risks of chemicals, including mixtures of chemicals, as necessary for providing sound and consistent advice in its own areas of competence as well as in order to contribute to the relevant issues in close cooperation with other European agencies. Scientific Committee members Ursula Ackermann-Liebrich, Herman Autrup, Denis Bard, Peter Calow, Stella Canna Michaelidou, John Davison, Wolfgang Dekant, Pim de Voogt, Arielle Gard, Helmut Greim, Ari Hirvonen, Colin Janssen, Jan Linders, Borut Peterlin, Jose Tarazona, Emanuela Testai, Marco Vighi

Contact: European Commission DG Health & Consumers Directorate C: Public Health and Risk Assessment Unit C7 - Risk Assessment Office: B232 B-1049 Brussels © European Commission 2010 (ISSN)

The opinions of the Scientific Committees present the views of the independent scientists who are members of the committees. They do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Commission. The opinions are published by the European Commission in their original language only.


Fluoridation of drinking water

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The members of the working group are acknowledged for their valuable contribution to the opinion: Prof. U. Ackermann-Liebrich, University of Basel, CH Prof. H. Autrup, University of Aarhus, DK (Chair and Rapporteur human health part) Prof. D. Bard, National School of Public Health, Rennes, FR Prof. P. Calow, University of Sheffield, UK Prof. W. Dekant - University of Wurzburg – DE Dr. A. Gard, Montpellier 1 University, FR Dr. J. Linders, RIVM Bilthoven, NL (Rapporteur environmental part) External experts: Dr. C. Chambers - SCCS Dr. P. Verger - EFSA Prof. J. Ekstrand - Karolinska Institut, Stockholm, SE


Fluoridation of drinking water

ABSTRACT Fluoride is not an essential element for human growth and development, and for most organisms in the environment. Large variation in naturally occurring fluoride...
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