An Annotated Bibliography
"All These Notes Don't Pay My Needs!!" Beethoven-Haus Bonn. Beethoven-Haus Bonn, n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2010.
This article is named from a quote taken directly from Beethoven. It details the composer’s financial situation throughout his life. Included are the events that had an impact on Beethoven’s finances, the value of money, cost of living, and inflation. Beethoven-Haus Bonn is a museum located in the birth house of Beethoven. Information is based on documents onsite. Ardley, Neil. Music, an Illustrated Encyclopedia. New York, NY: Facts on File, 1986. Print. Gives all the pertinent details for a novice in classical music. Distinguishes the differences in types of music written by a composer. Lists the most popular works by Beethoven according to the kind of piece that was composed. While this source was not solely on Beethoven it pertained to my research in helping me gain a better understanding when reading about his works. The author was a composer and teacher. His goal was to give a basic education and knowledge about different genres of music, but his area of expertise was classical music. Barron, James. "Beethoven May Not Have Died of Lead Poisoning, After All." New York Times. 29 May 2010. EBSCO. Web. 15 Oct. 2010.
Article that discusses recent findings on the lead levels in Beethoven’s skull fragments. The testing found that the lead levels were not at all above normal. Also noteworthy is that the two fragments tested had a wide difference with the smaller of the two having a larger amount of lead. The doctor could not give a reason for the difference. The New York Times is a trusted news source. The article confirmed the mystery surrounding the cause of Beethoven’s death remains unsolved. Schwaegermann, Ingrid. "Beethoven and Other Composers, Artists and Thinkers." Ludwig van Beethoven the Magnificent Master. Raptus Association for Music Appreciation, n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2010.
This section of the site explores the connections and similarities of Beethoven to other great composers, thinkers, and artists. The list includes Handel, Bach, Schubert, Wagner, and most interesting of all, Friedrich Nietzsche. Lesser known information about Nietzsche composing music and self study of Beethoven’s teacher Johann Georg Albrechtsberger is also looked at. The Raptus Association website is written and maintained by Ingrid Schwaegermann, a biographical musical writer. Her site is recommended by many and considered an authoritative source for information on Beethoven. Areas of his life that do not have much documentation or can only be speculated on are clearly labeled. Brainard, Rick. “18th Century Composers.” History 1700‘s. n.p, n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2010
This source gives basic overview information pertaining to all areas of the 18th century including major composers of the time, such as Ludwig Van Beethoven. Included were the basic details of Beethoven’s life and the influence he had on the Classical Era. The site gave context to the time that Beethoven lived in. The site also provides links to other in-depth sources. The editor of the website is a previous member of the American Historical Association and his particular area of interest is the eighteenth century. Mr. Brainard also served as the About.com guide to Eighteenth Century History. Chua, D.. “Beethoven’s Other Humanism.” Journal of the American Musicological Society 62.3 (2009): 571-646. Research Library, ProQuest. Web. 16 Oct. 2010.
This article examines the merit of Beethoven’s identity as a “Promethean Hero”. Comparing him to the Titan god that tricked the other gods numerous times to better mankind, whom he was responsible for molding. The idea is that Beethoven used his music to free people of the time from church influence and further Enlightenment thinking. This article was peer reviewed. The American Musicological Society reviews articles submitted to ensure scholarly...