An Investigation of Hitler’s Defeat at the Battle of Britain
By: Jake Pilla
Global History II
In 1940, German planes flew over Britain in an attempt to take over the country and tear apart the enemy’s alliance. Britain was surprised by this attack, but countered by shooting down at least twenty planes of the Luftwaffe, the Nazi air force, during the initial attack. Hitler sent waves of planes into Britain every day, trying to lower British morale; however, he did not expect Allied forces to send supplies to England. United States and France sent planes to Britain, which were the most important factor of the Battle of Britain. British used the powerful Royal Air Force to fight off the invading Luftwaffe. Hitler called off the attacks on September 15, 1940 and retreated back to Germany in the Battle of Britain. Hitler was unsuccessful in conquering Britain because the British were on their home territory, they felt the need to win, Germany did not have enough war supplies needed coming from their allies, and the Royal Air Force had better technology, training, and more determined pilots. When Hitler decided to attack and try to take over Britain he did not expect the country to retaliate as it did. Not only did the military forces fight, the citizens fought. They spent their time making war products and growing food. They kept their spirits high for their country, because “Britain has never been taken over, and the people did not want it to ever happen.” The Britain’s wanted to stay free from Nazi control, and fought to keep their country free of it. People came by the hundreds signing up to be in the military so they could fight for Britain. Britain’s patriotism was at record highs for fear of the Nazi forces invading and taking over their beloved country, as Richard Hough said “when France joined in aiding Britain by sending planes and food, Britain’s moral shot up.”...