A.Two fundamental Questions: (Guide what we do in developmental psychology): 1.How do people change as they develop?
2.What are the determinants of these changes?
B.Goals of developmental psychology:
1.Understand universal changes
2.Explain individual differences
3.Search for contextual influences
C.Research in Developmental Psychology:
1.Waterbeds for infants:
•Premature infants: standard beds vs. water beds
•Infants in waterbeds had far fewer apneic episodes.
•Research connects up to ways in which you can manage apneic episodes.
•Examined children from worst kind of conditions in Hawaii. •What are the characteristics of children that will be resilient no matter the conditions? •Three characteristics:
2.Healthy sense of self from very young age
3.One adult who was consistent caring influence in their lives
3.Consequences of divorce:
•Young boys: divorce has significant effects
2.Cognitive/ Educational development
1.No substantial educational effects
2.No substantial socialization effects
3.Effects of divorce- later in life
4.Using electric shock:
•Young child 9 months of age – bulimic
•Electrolytes becoming imbalanced.
•Vomiting started after child was fed some bad formula – had become conditioned to throw up after eating any food. •Psychologist applied electric current to baby’s foot as soon as vomiting started to take place. •After few sessions, baby stopped vomiting.
•If you understand principles of learning, you can use something like electric shock in a positive way.
D.Origins of Research Questions
1.Need for basic descriptive information
•How should cognitive function develop?
•Are we on a normal developmental trajectory?
2.Theories--- “So what’s the big deal about theories?” •Explain what we can predict from individuals
•Serve as foundation for research...