“Most human behaviors are learned through the process of observing others form of how behaviors are performed and perceived, this in the future serves as a guide for our own actions.”1 "Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to mention hazardous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own actions to inform them what to do. Fortunately, most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling: from observing others one forms an idea of how new behaviors are performed, and on later occasions this coded information serves as a guide for action. Individuals build expectations regarding their own behavior by using their prior observations to build models in their minds. This posits a strong role for mental cognition in both social learning and an individual's choices. Because individuals build these models themselves, they have the ability to refine, revise, or even reject them based upon new experiences.2 Observational Learning
Observation can be a learning process.
Bandura demonstrated with his Bobo doll experiment, that children observed people and learned and imitated behaviors learned. Three basic models of observational learning:
1. Live Model: involves an actual individual demonstrating or acting out a behavior. 2. Verbal instructional model: involves descriptions and explanations of a behavior. 3. Symbolic model: involves either fictional or real characters displaying certain behaviors in books, films, television programs. Intrinsic Reinforcement
Bandura stated that there are more factors that influenced learning and behavior than just external environmental reinforcement. Intrinsic reinforcement was described by Bandura as a form of internal rewards. Examples: Pride, satisfaction and a sense of accomplishment. This dealt with the internal thoughts and cognition help that connected learning theories to cognitive developmental theories. Bandura himself describes his approach as a “social cognitive...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document