For my Personal Exercise Programme coursework I have chosen Badminton as my sport, the reason behind this is I enjoy playing it with my friends in sport centres as well as watching the sport. This sport is a fast moving energetic game where a lot of thinking is required. In order to play this game you need 2-4 players. This is a game where a net is required which is used for the shuttlecock to be returned over the net.
The exact origin of the game, tracing back to ancient Greece and China more than 2000 years ago, is shrouded in mystery. It is believed that the game descended directly from the ancient game of battledore and shuttlecock. This was primarily a children's game although 19th century illustrations show adults playing it mostly in the garden and sometimes indoors. Battledore and shuttlecock has been described as a leisurely pastime whereby players count the number of hits and try to keep the shuttlecock up in the air as long as possible. There is also some dispute about how modern day badminton started. One claim is that it started in England at Badminton House in Gloucestershire in the middle of the 19th century. A net, in the form of a string, was strung across to separate the players from two opposing teams. A rival claim has it that the game was first played by the British in India in the 1870s before it was brought back to Britain by returning army officers. The first attempt to establish the rules of the game was made around that time in Poona, India. But no formal rules were drawn up until the Badminton Association (of England) was formed in 1893. The British took the game to Japan, China and Siam as they colonised Asia, and it soon became a children's game there. The first official set of rules was written by the Bath Badminton Club in 1877. The Badminton Association of England was formed in 1893 and the first international championship took place in 1899 with the All England Championships. Badminton became a popular sport in the world, primarily in East and Southeast Asia, which currently dominates the sport, and in the Scandinavian countries. It became a Summer Olympic sport at the Barcelona Olympics in 1992. This was 14 years ago and this has continued. Indonesia and Korea were the first teams to get the firsts Badminton medals, they both shared the gold medal with two each that year.
The service court
Ones decide between two service courts. There is the service court for singles, which is 5.18 meters wide and 13.40 meters long. The service court for doubles is 6.10 meters wide and 11.88 meters long. The service court is divided in two parts. In the middle of the court there is a net, which is 1.55 meters high. The short service lines go away 1.98 meters from the net. Left service court and right service court are divided by the center line. In singles the court is long and thin. Whereas In doubles the entire court is counted as being in
A typical view of a badminton court
Racquet: Traditionally racquets were made of wood. Later on aluminium or other light metals became the material of choice. Now, almost all professional badminton racquets are composed of carbon fiber composite GRP (graphite reinforced plastic). Carbon fiber has an excellent strength to weight ratio, is stiff, and gives excellent kinetic energy transfer, making the racquet feel so light. However, some low-end models still use steel or aluminum for some or the entire racquet. A badminton racquet
String: Perhaps one of the most overlooked areas of badminton equipment is the string. Different types of string have different response properties. Durability generally varies with performance. Most strings are 21 gauge in thickness and strung at 18 to 30+ lift (80 to 130+ Newton’s) of tension. Racquets strung at lower tensions (18 to 21 lbf or 80 to 95 N) provide greater control while racquets strung at higher...