Atmospheric Pollution

Topics: Air pollution, Oxygen, Smog Pages: 2 (561 words) Published: March 14, 2013
Atmospheric Pollution
Yvonne Perry
Everest Online

Atmospheric Pollution
There are both primary and secondary air pollutants. The primary pollutants “Are the direct products of combustion and evaporation,” (Wright, 2011) and some can undergo further reactions in the atmosphere and causing secondary pollutants. The names of the primary pollutants are: Suspended particulate matter, volatile organic compounds, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, lead, air toxics, and radon. Suspended particulate, which comes from “Soot, smoke, and carbon from combustions” (Wright, 2011) can affect the health of a human by reducing our lung function and can also cause cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease can lead to other underlining affect such as heart attack, stroke, and even death. Smog can occur from the burning of “Combustion of sulfur-containing fuels,” (Wright, 2011) like coal. This primary pollutant would be sulfur dioxide; the poisonous gasses from the burning of coal can impair breathing in humans. Volatile organic compounds, “Incomplete combustion of fossil fuels” (Wright, 2011) happen during the industrial process. Carbon monoxide is omitted from vehicles on the road; it is an invisible, odorless, and tasteless gas. This gas has the ability to bind to hemoglobin in the human body and can block oxygen from reaching the tissue aggravating cardiovascular disease. The burning of a forest causes nitrogen oxides from nitrogen gas which occurs at high combustion temperatures. This can cause an acid rain that contributes to the ozone formation and a reddish-brown gas that is irritating to the lungs. Air toxics are chemicals such as benzene. “Benzene is used as a constituent in motor fuels; as a solvent for fats, waxes, resins, oils, inks, paints, plastics, and rubber; in the extraction of oils from seeds and nuts; and in photogravure printing. It is also used as a chemical intermediate. Benzene is also used in the manufacture of detergents,...
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