Association of Chief Police Officers Essay

Topics: Police, Police brutality, Hillsborough Disaster Pages: 8 (1552 words) Published: January 4, 2015
Introduction

The statement of mission and values plays an important role in the maintenance of high standard police work. To aid an officer in effective delivery of policing the National Decision Model [NDM] (2012) is used. At the center of the six key elements in the NDM, are the statement of mission and values, which play a big part in delivering effective and a high standard of police work. This essay will look at good and bad examples of police work and will focus on integrity and police use of force. Also the police response to criticism and their willingness to learn and change will be discussed.

Necessary Force
ACPO (2011) mission of statement and values states, “only that force which is necessary to accomplish our lawful duty.” Referring to a police officers powers regarding use of force, which is covered by s.117 of the police and criminal evidence act 1984, which “gives the officer a power to use reasonable force if necessary.” (Hutton, Mckinnon and Connor, 2014, p.11) The case of Ian Tomlinson demonstrates an officer’s abuse of his power of necessary force, which resulted in the unlawful killing of Ian Tomlinson. The Crown Prosecution Service (2010) tells us how Tomlinson was “struck with a baton and pushed very strongly in the back” by a police officer (Simon Harwood), causing him to fall to the ground, which later resulted in his death at the G20 riots. Simon Harwood pleaded guilty to a charge of gross misconduct before a police panel (Inquest, 2012). It’s clear that Harwood failed to comply with s.117 of PACE act 1984 and the force he used was excessive and unlawful. The Metropolitan Police (2013) apologised and took full responsibility for Tomlinson’s death; admitting, “he posed no threat”. By comparison, a recent case in 2013 whereby an armed officer identified as E48 saved his partner, D49, from getting injured by a suspect. The suspect named as Michael Adebolajo was seen running at officer D49 holding a machete imitating a chopping motion, the threat was neutralised by officer E48. A second suspect Michael Adebowale was seen holding a gun, he was shot three times by officer E48, which resulted in his thumb falling off causing him to drop the weapon. E48 justified his actions for the shooting, showing that the force used was necessary and lawful. He also administered first aid to the suspects, adding "Once the threat is neutralised we have a duty of care to all persons to save life, no matter who they are." (Sky News, 2013) E48 took into consideration the suspects human rights and provided immediate medical assistance, which is effective police work. Yet in the case of Ian Tomlinson a video (The Guardian, 2009) shows he was given no medical attention and no duty of care was taken after he had been struck and fell to the ground. From the two incidents above it’s clear that one was handled in accordance with the law and the NDM and statement of mission and values was taken into consideration. Officer E48 assessed the threat, considered his powers, identified he had no other option, and then took action against the suspects reviewing all his actions.

On the other hand the Ian Tomlinson incident was handled appallingly and no application of the NDM was made or regards for human rights, seeing as there was no threat posed to the officers and other options could have been taken into consideration without resorting to excessive force. The officers also could have easily given Tomlinson medical assistance, as contrary to the police officers statements protestors had not tried to prevent medical teams reaching the body. (Hillsborough Independent Panel, 2012)

Police Integrity
Integrity is one of the most fundamental principles in the delivery of policing services in the UK. The Association of Chief Police Officers (2011) says in their statement of mission and values, “We will act with integrity, compassion, courtesy and patience, showing neither fear nor favour in what we do.” Every officer...
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