INF 103: Computer Literacy
November 21, 2012
Instructor Tara Clark
Artificial Intelligence has always been a very interesting subject to me ever since I have watched the movie A.I. by Steven Spielberg. I am going to start out by giving you the definition of Artificial Intelligence; I will then talk about the history and the people behind Artificial Intelligence. Artificial Intelligence I defined as “The capacity for learning, reasoning, understanding and similar forms of mental activity” (contents.ashford.edu). Artificial Intelligence is the area of computer science focusing on creating machines that can engage on behaviors that humans consider intelligent (www.thinkquest.org). Today with the advent of computer and 50 years of research into A.I. programming technique, his dream of smart machines is becoming a reality.
Norbert Wiener was one of the first Americans to make observations on the principle of feedback theory. Another person that is considered to be one of the first people to consider the philosophical implications of intelligent machines was mathematician Alan Turing. In 1937, he developed a thought experiment that he called a Turing machine. With it, in 1950, he proposed his Turing test, in which he believed could prove whether or not a computer was intelligent (contents.ashford.edu). In late 1955, Newell and Simon developed The Logic Theorist, considered by many to be the first AI program. In 1956 Peter McCarthy regarded as the father of AI organized a conference to draw the talent and expertise of others interest in machine intelligence for a month of brainstorming (www.thinkquest.org).
Researchers who have examined markets populated by "robot traders" have claimed that the high level of allocative efficiency observed in experimental markets is driven largely by the
"intelligence" implicit in the rules of the market. They view the...