Army Regulation 600-20

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Chapter 1 Introduction

1-1. Purpose

This regulation prescribes the policies and responsibilities of command. It provides guidance covering military discipline and conduct, precedence of rank, and the military Equal Opportunity (EO) Program.

1-2. References

Required and related publications and pre-scribed and referenced forms are listed in appendix A.

1-3. Explanation of abbreviations and terms

Abbreviations and special terms used in this regulation are listed in the glossary.

1-4. Responsibilities

a. The Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) has Army General Staff responsibilities for the formulation, management, and evaluation of command policies, plans, and programs that relate to the following:

(1) Personnel distribution, to include grade and specialties.

(2) Assessment of human readiness.

(3) Discipline, law enforcement, correction, and apprehension.

(4) Leadership development.

(5) Professional military ethics.

(6) Accommodation of religious practices.

(7) Military equal opportunity.

(8) Military labor unions.

b. Commanders at all levels are responsible for implementing and enforcing the pollicies addressed by this regulation.

1-5. Command

a. Right to command. Command is exercised by virtue of office and the special assignment of members of the Armed Forces holding military rank who are eligible to exercise command. The right to command is not limited solely by branch of Service except as set forth in chapter 2. A civilian, other than the President as Commander-in-Chief, may not exercise command. However, a civilian may be designated to exercise general supervision over an Army installation or activity under the command of a military superior.

b. Elements of command. The key elements of command are authority and responsibility. Formal authority for command is derived from the policies, procedures, and precedents presented in chapters 1 through 3 of this regulation. The specified and inherent responsibilities of command are discussed in chapters 4 through 6.

c. Assignment and command. Soldiers are assigned to stations where their services are required. The commanding officer then as-signs appropriate duties. Without orders from proper authority, a soldier may only assume command when eligible according to chapter 2 of this regulation.

1-6. Military rank

a. Military rank is the relative position or degree of precedence granted military per-sons marking their station in military life. It confers eligibility to exercise command or authority in the military within limits pre-scribed by law. Rank in the military is divided into the classes and grades shown in tables 1-1 and 1-2.

b. Table 1-1 shows the grades of rank in the Army in order of their precedence or rank. It indicates the grouping of grades in-to classes, pay grades, titles of address, and abbreviations.

c. The pay grade is an abbreviated numerical device with useful applications in pay management, personnel accounting, automated data organization, and other administrative fields. However, the pay grade alone is not to be used as a form of address or title in place of the proper title of address or grade of rank. When military personnel (chaplains excepted) are addressed or referred to, orally or in writing, the grade of rank or title of address will normally be used. (See table 1-1.) All chaplains are ad-dressed as "Chaplain," regardless of military grade or professional title. When a chaplain is addressed in writing, grade is indicated in parentheses; for example, Chap-lain (Major) John F. Doe.

d. Rank is generally held by virtue of office or grade in the Army.

e. Conferring honorary titles of military rank upon civilians is prohibited. However, honorary titles already conferred will not be withdrawn.

Table 1-1 Grades of rank, U.S. Army

General Officer

Grade of rank: General of the Army

Pay grade: Special

Title of address: General

Abbreviation: GA *1...
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