Archaeology - 1

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Time travel has always been fascinated by people throughout centuries. The thought to have the ability to change the past or see into the future is needless to say, has allured many. Though physicist have tried to uncover the possibilities the time travel phenomenon, Jeremy A. Sabloff has reveals that the solution is already here. Jeremy A. Sabloff's "Archaeology Matters" emphasizes the importance of archaeology in the modern world. He believes that lessons from the past will benefit how we can better interpret our world today, and possibly change our future. Each chapter in "Archaeology Matters" exemplifies how archaeology can better serve our world through different methods. Throughout the book, he discusses current and past world problems. From this, he gives further insight and knowledge from an archaeological approach, on the lessons from the past. Jeremy A. Sabloff makes interesting and valid arguments throughout his writing. He discusses human nature, the importance of cultures and traditions, and challenges our ability to sustain the human race. Many examples in this book is valid, however I would suggest deeper insight and rise questions to some points.

First, Sabloff introduces his audience to the concept of archaeology and how it can be used in our modern world. Because archaeology is a field of discovery through the usages of material matter of the past, Sabloff rejects that archaeology is solely effective for that. [REWRITE]. Sabloff introduces the term 'action archaeology', which is essentially "[the] involvement or engagement with the problems facing the modern world through archaeology" (Sabloff, 17). Here he suggests that "archaeological understandings of the past can make to possible solutions to of the problems facing today" (Sabloff, 30). His introduction is short and to the point. On this aspect, I fully agree with him as he suggests that archaeology has a place in modern society. By learning from mistakes of the past, the future will be protected. But only through archaeology will the mistakes of the past be exposed.

Thomas Robert Malthus proposed his theory in the late 1700s, concerning food and population growth. He suggests that the human population grew exponentially, while food supply grew in a linear fashion. Sabloff writes about the Ancient Mayan civilization that collapsed due to similar circumstances. The overuse of the land and the lack of technological advances lead to the Mayans' ultimate demise. Sabloff criticized the Mayan's inability to utilize and "simply did not use the metals to make working tools" (Sabloff, 41). Sabloff offers the solution of using the proper technology in order to be more efficient as population and the land expands. Sabloff draws a strong argument, however it is seen throughout history that technology is a double-edged sword. New inventions are inevitably going to cause problems for the future. For example the usage of petroleum for trade and transportation has cause environmental destruction. Optimistically agreeing with Sabloff, I too believe that using the past will help us deal with what is to come. Sabloff writes about this planning in his following chapter.

Politicians has always had tremendous power and influence over their citizens and to the world. Sabloff goes on to criticize world leaders for their lack of planning for the future. Sabloff strongly states that "in the public sphere, [it] is devoted to the short term" (Sabloff, 55). Speaking economically, Sabloff's argument in this chapter is definitely one of his strongest. Especially with the current world economy in a slump, people are trying to live for today, rather than planning for tomorrow. Consumption today seems more important than consumption tomorrow. For the most part, Sabloff believes that world and corporate leaders should better plan for the future instead of "[worrying] about shareholder values today" and "talk about future generations, but...
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