Approaches to Moral Reasoning

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Chitty: Professional Nursing: Concepts and Challenges, 6th Edition

Chapter 1: Nursing Today

Test Bank

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1.Which of the following could eventually change the historic status of nursing as a female-dominated profession? a.More men graduating from baccalaureate and higher degree programs b.The portion of men in nursing continuing to increase

c.More male graduates of basic nursing programs entering the workplace d.Salary compensation increasing to attract more men

ANS:C

Feedback
A“More men graduating from baccalaureate and higher degree programs” is not the best answer because associate degree programs produce the most new graduates. BThe percentage of men in nursing has stabilized.

CThe more men who enter the workplace as nurses, the less nursing will be seen as a female-dominated profession DSalary rates do not appear to relate to the recruitment of men into nursing.

DIF:Cognitive Level: ComprehensionREF:Page 2

2.The racial and ethnic composition of the nursing profession will change to more accurately reflect the population as a whole when a.The increased numbers of racial and ethnic minorities enrolled in educational programs graduate and begin to practice. b.The retention rate of nonwhite nurses remains at the current level. c.The percentage of African-American and Hispanic nurses increases more than the percentage of white nurses. d.The nonwhite portion of the general population decreases.

ANS:A

Feedback
AA larger percentage of minorities are enrolled in nursing educational programs than previously. BThe retention rate of nonwhite nurses currently is decreasing. CNot only would the percentage of African-American and Hispanic nurses need to increase, the percentage of white nurses would have to decrease in order to more accurately reflect the population as a whole. DThe nonwhite portion of the general population is not likely to decrease.

DIF:Cognitive Level: ComprehensionREF:Page 3

3.Which of the following is a correct statement about the registered nurse population? a.The racial/ethnic composition of registered nurses closely resembles that of the general population. b.The number of men entering nursing has decreased steadily over the last decade. c.The average age of registered nurses is rising as people pursuing second careers enter the nursing profession. d.The majority of employed registered nurses are working full time.

ANS:C

Feedback
AThe percentage of registered nurses who are from minority racial or ethnic backgrounds decreased between 2000 and 2004. BThe number of men entering nursing is increasing.
CMany new nurses are beginning second careers and are older than typical college graduates. The percentage of nursing graduates younger than 30 years of age dropped from 9.1% to 8.1% between 2000 and 2004. DFewer than two thirds of employed registered nurses work full time.

DIF:Cognitive Level: KnowledgeREF:Page 4

4.Which of the following best describes trends in nursing education? a.Numbers of registered nurses with baccalaureate and higher degrees are increasing. b.Numbers of registered nurses with associate degrees are increasing. c.Foreign-born nurses practicing in the United States have less educational preparation than American-born nurses. d.Numbers of registered nurses with diploma educations are increasing.

ANS:A

Feedback
AThere has been a slight increase in baccalaureate and higher degree-prepared registered nurses since 2000. BThere has been a slight decrease in associate degree-prepared nurses. CForeign-born nurses practicing in the United States generally have more educational preparation than American-born nurses. DThe numbers of diploma-educated nurses are declining.

DIF:Cognitive Level: KnowledgeREF:Page 5

5.Despite the variety of work settings available to the registered nurse, data from 2004 indicate that the primary work site for registered nurses is a....
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