Subdivisions of the Genre of Poetry
1) Ballad - A narrative poem that has a refrain and is written as a song, usually telling of an exciting or dramatic episode. 2) Epic - A very long poem about the adventures of a hero written in lofty language.
1) Haiku - Originally a Japanese form of poetry about nature that has three lines and seventeen syllables. The first and third lines have five syllables, and the second line has seven syllables. 2) Limerick - A light, humorous poem of five lines with a rhyme scheme of aaba, meaning that the first, second and last lines rhyme with each other, and the third and fourth lines rhyme. 3) Sonnet - A highly-stylized poem of exactly 14 lines written in iambic pentameter. 4) Elegy - A poem written about the death of someone.
5) Ode - Originally developed by the Greek and Latin poets, Odes soon began to appear in different cultures across the world. Odes possess a formal poetic diction and deal with a variety of different subjects.
1) Soliloquy - A speech a character gives of his thoughts and reflections. 2) Monologue - A long utterance by one person, especially one that prevents others from participating in the conversation.
Samples of Poems
Ballad of A Mother's Heart
By Jose La Villa Tierra
The night was dark, for the moon was young
And the stars were asleep and rare;
The clouds were thick, yet Youth went out
To see his Maiden fair.
"Dear One," he pleaded as he knelt
Before her feet, in tears,
"My love is true; why have you kept
Me waiting all these years?"
The maiden looked at him unmoved,
It seemed, and whispered low:
"Persistent Youth, you have to prove
By deeds your love is true."
"There's not a thing I would not do
For you, Beloved," said he.
"Then go," said she, "to your mother dear
And bring her heart to me."