Topics: Bacteria, Gastroenterology, Crohn's disease Pages: 3 (767 words) Published: February 11, 2013
Diarrhea is an increase in the frequency of bowel movements or a decrease in the form of stool (greater looseness of stool). Although changes in frequency of bowel movements and looseness of stools can vary independently of each other, changes often occur in both. Diarrhea needs to be distinguished from four other conditions. Although these conditions may accompany diarrhea, they often have different causes and different treatments than diarrhea. Diarrhea is the frequent passing of loose or watery stools. Acute diarrhea, which is a common cause of death in developing countries, appears rapidly and may last from five to ten days. Chronic diarrhea lasts much longer and is the second cause of childhood death in the developing world. Diarrhea is sometimes accompanied by abdominal cramps or fever. It may be caused by infection, allergy, or could be a sign of a serious disorder, such as IBD (inflammatory bowel disease), or Crohn's disease.  According to the World Health Organization (WHO) approximately 3.5 million deaths each year are attributable to diarrhea. 80% of those deaths occur in children under the age of 5 years. Children are more susceptible to the complications of diarrhea because a smaller amount of fluid loss leads todehydration, compared to adults. 



* through contaminated food or water, can cause diarrhea. Common culprits includeCampylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella, and Escherichia coli. * Viral infections. Bacterial infections. Several types of bacteria, consumed Many viruses cause diarrhea, including rotavirus, Norwalk virus, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus, and viral hepatitis. * Food intolerance. Some people are unable to digest some component of food, such as lactose, the sugar found in milk.


* Diarrhea is not an illness -- it is itself a symptom. However, it may be accompanied by a number of other symptoms. Diarrhea may...
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