GENDER AND ONLINE COMMUNICATION Arman Haddad Professor Andrews Psychology 101 14 October XXXX Patterns of Gender-Related Differences in Online Communication: An Annotated Bibliography Bruckman, A.S. (1993). Gender swapping on the Internet. Proceedings of INET ’93. Retrieved from http:www.cc.gatech.edu/elc/papers/bruckman/gender-swapping-bruckman.pdf. In this brief analysis, Bruckman… To set the correct indenting for this indented section, click on the paragraph group dialogue box launcher. Choose .5 under right indentation and choose first line .5 under special.
APA Annotated Bibliography (Haddad)
Gender and Online Communication 1 Arman Haddad Professor Andrews Psychology 101 14 October XXXX Patterns of Gender-Related Differences in Online Communication: An Annotated Bibliography Bruckman, A. S. (1993). Gender swapping on the Internet. Proceedings of INET '93. Retrieved from http://www.cc .gatech.edu/elc/papers/bruckman/gender-swapping -bruckman.pdf In this brief analysis, Bruckman investigates the perceptions of males and females in electronic environments. She argues that females (or those posing as females) receive an inordinate amount of unwanted sexual attention and offers of assistance from males. She also suggests that females (and sexually unthreatening males) are welcomed more willingly than dominant males into virtual communities. She concludes that behavior in electronic forums is an exaggerated reflection of gender stereotypes in real-life communication. The article is interesting and accessible, but it is quite old, and it relies almost entirely on quotations from four anonymous forum participants. Crowston, C., & Kammerer, E. (1998). Communicative style and gender differences in computer-mediated communications. In B. Ebo (Ed.), Cyberghetto or cybertopia? Race, class, and gender on the Internet (pp. 185-203). Westport, CT: Praeger. This brief study examines how the dominant Summary is followed by a short evaluation of the source that notes its age and questionable research technique. The annotation begins on a new line and is indented 1⁄ 2". In APA style, each entry begins at the left margin; subsequent lines indent 1⁄ 2".
Marginal annotations indicate APA-style formatting and effective writing. Source: Diana Hacker (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2008). This paper follows the style guidelines in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (2010).
Gender and Online Communication 2 communication style (masculine versus feminine) of an online discussion group affects men’s and women’s desire to participate. The findings, while limited, provide evidence that in fact both women and men were less interested in joining Haddad interprets the authors’ findings in relation to other sources in the bibliography.
forums that were dominated by masculine-style language. These findings seem to contradict the pronounced gender inequality found in the other sources in this bibliography. Herring, S. C. (2003). Gender and power in on-line communication. In J. Holmes & M. Meyerhoff (Eds.), The handbook of language and gender (pp. 202-228). Oxford, England: Blackwell.
Annotations are roughly three to seven sentences long.
Herring investigates empowerment opportunities for women online. She points out that, although more than half of Web users in the United States are women, men continue to dominate technical roles such as...