Topic: Anne Frank
General Purpose: To inform
Specific Purpose: To introduce Anne Frank and talk about her life.
Opening: How many of you heard or read about Anne Frank?
Thesis: Today I will discuss the young and short life of one of the most well known Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Anne Frank was acknowledged for her quality of writing. Her diary is one of the world’s most widely read books and there has been many plays and films written on the basis of her story.
Relevance to Audience: When thinking of this brave 13 year old girl, most think of the Jewish culture, Adolf Hitler, and the Nazi Soldiers of Germany. But of us really know the pain and suffering the Jewish victims had to go through just because of what religion they believed in.
Statement of Speakers Creditability: I wanted to speak about Anne Frank today because her life and life experiences interest me and I thought I would share it with all of you as well.
Transition: This is the life of Anne Frank.
Annelies Marie “Anne” Frank was born June 12, 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany. She was the second daughter of Otto and Edith Frank. She had a sister who was three years older than her, Margot Frank. Anne and her family were liberal jews, which means they did not practice all of the customs and traditions of Judaism. They lived in a community of Jewish and Non-Jewish citizens of different religions. In 1933, Mr. Frank opened a branch of his business in Amsterdam, Holland. Because of Adolf Hitler’s anti-Jewish decrees they had to relocate. Otto Frank believed that his family would finally be safe from the Nazi aggression, but who knew in a few years everything would change.
II. Before Going into Hiding
For Anne’s 13th birthday, she received a book she had shown her father in a shop a few days earlier. This book was an autograph book, bound with red and green plaid cloth and with a small lock on the front of the cover. Anne decided to use it as her personal diary. In this book she discussed some of the changes that had taken place in the Netherlands since the German occupation. In one of her entry dated on June 20, 1942, she list many of the restrictions that had been made to the Jewish population and talked about her sorrows about her grand mother passing away earlier that year. Anne dreamed of being an actress one day. She loved to watch movies, but the Jews were band to go to the movie theaters from January 8, 1941 on.
In July 1942, Margot Frank, Anne’s older sister received a notice from the Central Office for Jewish Emigration, ordering her to report for relocation to a work camp. Otto then decided to tell his family that they would go into hiding in the rooms above and behind his company’s building where his most trusted employees would help them. The call up notice forced them to relocate several weeks earlier than expected.
III. The Secret Annex
On a Monday morning, July 6, 1942 , the family moved into the hiding place. Their apartment was left bare to create the impression that they had suddenly left with a note left behind stating that they were on their way to Switzerland. Jews were not aloud to use public transport, so the Frank family had to walk a long distance from their home, with each of them wearing several layers of clothing, because they didn’t want to be questioned of where they may have been going if they were to carry luggage. The secret annex was in the three story building with many rooms but the room that the Frank family and 5 other people were going to be staying was in the attic of three story building with a door hidden behind a book case.
There was only 4 employees that knew about the people going into hiding. They were known as the “helpers”. These contacts provided were the only connections between the Jews in hiding and the out side world. They informed the Frank family of what was going on...