Animation History

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1824: Peter Roget presented his paper 'The persistence of vision with regard to moving objects' to the British Royal Society. 1831: Dr. Joseph Antoine Plateau (a Belgian scientist) and Dr. Simon Rittrer constructed a machine called a phenakitstoscope. This machine produced an illusion of movement by allowing a viewer to gaze at a rotating disk containing small windows; behind the windows was another disk containing a sequence of images. When the disks were rotated at the correct speed, the synchronization of the windows with the images created an animated effect. 1872: Eadweard Muybridge started his photographic gathering of animals in motion. 1887: Thomas Edison started his research work into motion pictures. 1889: Thomas Edison announced his creation of the kinetoscope which projected a 50ft length of film in approximately 13 seconds. 1889: George Eastman began the manufacture of photographic film strips using a nitro-cellulose base. 1892: Emile Renynaud, combining his earlier invention of the praxinoscope with a projector, opens the Theatre Optique in the Musee Grevin. It displays an animation of images painted on long strips of celluloid. 1895: Louis and Augustine Lumiere issued a patent for a device called a cinematograph capable of projecting moving pictures. 1896: Thomas Armat designed the vitascope which projected the films of Thomas Edison. This machine had a major influence on all sub-sequent projectors. 1906: J. Stuart Blackton made the first animated film which he called "Humorous phases of funny faces." His method was to draw comical faces on a blackboard and film them. He would stop the film, erase one face to draw another, and then film the newly drawn face. The Ôstop-motionÕ provided a starting effect as the facial expressions changed be fore the viewerÕs eyes. 1908: In France Emile Cohl produced a film, Phantasmagorie which was the first depicting white figures on a black background. 1910: Emile Cohl makes En Route the first...
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