Animal husbandry is the agricultural practice of breeding and raising animals for the purpose of milk, meat, egg, leather, wool, silk, honey, etc. It deals with the care and breeding of livestock like buffaloes, cows, pigs, horses, sheep, camel, etc. It includes poultry farming, fisheries, bee-keeping, sericulture, etc. It is a vital skill for farmers and is as much science as it is art. We can also define animal husbandry as a subject that can be studied, often in the college environment. Some people who raise animals may also take a class or two in animal husbandry to learn how to do certain things, like how to dock tails, make use of the newest technology to milk animals, or how to breed animals using artificial insemination techniques. From a scientific standpoint, specialists in animal husbandry may try to address specific problems occurring in large groups of animals. For example ,an animal husbandry specialist might study the current means for preventing mastitis in cows, or the specific needs of shelters for pigs. As many farms have become more industrialized, figuring out maximum storage space for animals may be a focus. In all, animal husbandry may refer to the study or raising of domesticated animals, particularly in large group settings
DAIRY FARM MANAGEMENT
Dairying is the management of animals for milk and its products for human consumption. Milk products include butter, ghee, curd, cheese, cream, etc. hence dairy farming is an economical activity. In dairy farm, we deal with the process and systems that increase yield and improve quality of milk. It depends mainly on the quality of breeds in the farm. Selection of good breeds having high yielding potential combined with resistance to disease is very important. For getting better yields cattle have to be well looked after. GOOD DAIRY FARM MANAGEMENT PRACTICES:
1. ANIMAL HEALTH
separating young and adult stock
inspect cows regularly to check for signs of disease
keep sick cows in a different place from healthy ones if possible veterinarian check after calving
feed colostrum immediately after calving
2. MILKING HYGIENE
washing hands with soap and water before milking each cow. washing the udder and each teat vigorously with soap and water and dry them with a clean cloth. use clean containers for milking and before reusing the milk containers; rinse it , scrub it with warm water and detergent, rinse it again leave it to air dry . milk sick cows last ; milk from these cows must be boiled before use or thrown away. 3. ANIMAL FEEDING & WATER
timely provision of feed to meet livestock’s nutritional requirments. always give the animals clean and healthy food.
input must be adequate in both nutritional and economic terms. they need clean potable milk and free access to it.
feed after milking.
4. ANIMAL WELFARE
have regular milking routine, keep noise levels low.
same person should milk the cattle every day.
provide shelter from bad weather and shade and shade from the sun. clean and comfortable housing conditions use sand for bedding if possible.
cleaning away waste every day.
use the manure for land improvement.
keep the area clean and safe for animals.
Modern milking machines are capable of milking cows quickly and efficiently, without injuring the udder, if they are properly installed, maintained in excellent operating conditions, and used properly. The milking machine performs two basic functions. It opens the streak canal through the use of a partial vacuum, allowing the milk to flow out of the teat cistern through a line to a receiving container. It massages the teat, which prevents congestion of blood and lymph in the teat.
The advantages of this milking machine are manifold. It is easy to operate, costs low, saves time as it milks...