Education is not as prominent in the book as during the Russian Revolution. In the book, education is mentioned when Snowball finds old spelling books, once belonging to Mr. Jones. He begins to teach himself, followed by the other pigs, and finally he helps the other animals to read and write. Some of the not so intelligent animals find this quite taxing, whereas the pigs being the most intelligent, learn the fastest. Snowball is the most interested in educating the animals, and the well being of the other animals on the farm. Just as Trotsky was intent in educating the Russian people, and their well being during the Revolution. "Napoleon took no interest in Snowball's committees. He said that education of the young was more important than anything that could be done for those who were already grown up." This shows Snowball's commitment to the animals compared to the uninterested Napoleon.
In the book Napoleon began his leadership role quite well, with his ideas being fair and with a positive meaning. As the story continues he becomes more corrupt, and his ideas turn into a dictatorship. "Napoleon lead the animals back to the store-shed and served out a double portion of corn to everyone, with two biscuits for each dog." As time went on his true nature, of a power crazy character begins to surface, he becomes more selfish and the principle idea of equality no longer exists. The farm is run on terror, and no animal dare speak out against him, for fear of death. "The news leaked out that every pig was receiving a ration of a pint of bear daily, with half a gallon for Napoleon."
Just as during the revolution, when at first Stalin was fair and just but as he was given power he turns into a corrupt man with dictatorship qualities. He became more selfish and sinister. When securing his power base he engineered the permanent exile of Trotsky. This compares to the book, when Napoleon and his nine sturdy puppies' chased Snowball out of the farm. Napoleon then proceeds to portray his true nature of an assassin.
Snowball is the other main leader in animalism, along side Napoleon. He was the one who was most interested in the well being of the animals and their education. The complete opposite of Napoleon. I fell if he had not been chased away (assassinated) then the idea of communism may have succeeded.
Trotsky was a brilliant speaker and could capture the attention from all his followers. He was referred to in the book as "quicker in speech and more inventive." Once the farm has been overthrown Snowball becomes very active in organising committees of different kinds. Napoleon shows no interest in Snowball's activities, but secretly prepares the time when he will be able to rid himself of his rival and assume total control. When he was chased out, with Napoleon behind his exile, the animals were told that all the mal occurrences on the farm were down to him. He was an easy target to lay the blame, and Napoleon encouraged this.
In Animal Farm' the hens do not want to surrender all their eggs. To show their displeasure they "Flew up to the rafters and laid their eggs there, which smashed to pieces on the floor." Napoleon was not happy so starved them until they surrendered. The hens represent the Kulaks whom were land owning peasants who did not want their farms to be collectivised after the revolution. Stalin then began to exterminate them as a class.
The building and re-building of the windmill, represents the building and re-building of the Russian Empire. It was designed to be built to improve the animals' lives just as the new economic plans were designed to be run in five-year periods to improve industry. Each time in the novel that the windmill fell, it represented a war in Russia which caused the economy to crash. Each time the animals set out to re-build the windmill even better that the last "We will build it with wall three feet thick." This pressure to build...
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