Analyses of a Polish Region

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Regional Economics

The analysis of the Świętokrzyskie Voivodship

Made by Mayia Samuilik
34447, BABE

Content
1. Location, territorial division……………………………………………………………………………………...3 2. Principal economic data and their influence on the attractiveness of the region……….4 3. Region’s specialization: main spheres of economy……………………………………………….……7 4. Investments in the region……………………………………………………………………………………….…8 5. Local support for investors………………………………………………………………………………………..9 6. Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...10 Literature……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………11

1. Location, territorial division

Świętokrzyskie Voivodship is situated in the northern-east Poland and covers 3.63% of the country. The region is divided by 13 powiats, there are 31 towns and 2832 villages. The biggest cities of Świętokrzyskie Voivodship are Kielce, Ostrowiec, Starachowice, Skarzysko-Kamienna and Sandomierz. The region is situated near the largest urban agglomerations: Cracow, Warsaw and Lodz and at the intersection of the major north/south and east/west communication routes, thereby has excellent geographical location which comprises good opportunities for business development. (9) Adam Jarubas, Marshal, states that ‘its location between large urban areas is conducive to the cooperative linking of firms, facilitates communication and allows for access to the research of the regions established academic centres’, which helps to increase supply of competent workforce at relatively low costs. (11)

Table 1. Territorial Division of the Świętokrzyskie Voivodship.(3) Specification| Świętokrzyskie Voivodship| Poland|
Total area, km2| 11.711| 322.575|
Powiats| 13| 314|
Cities with powiat status| 1| 65|
Gminas| 102| 2479|
Towns| 31| 903|
Rural Location| 2832| 53812|

Infrastructure within the region is of great importance. Investments progress within this sector significantly improves the transport conditions.

Table 2. Municipal infrastructure.
| 2009| 2011|
Length of distribution system in km.|
Water-line| 12143| 12812|
Sewerage | 3040| 4246|
Gas-line | 3327| 3404|

2. Principal economic data and their influence on the attractiveness of the region.

The number of people living in Świętokrzyskie Voivodship is decreasing. By the end of 2011 the voivodship’s population dropped to 1,266,014. From 2003 till 2011 the population of the region decreased by 2%, while in Poland there was an increase by 0,8%. The drop is mainly because of negative natural increase and net migration. (2)

Table 3. Total population. Factors decreasing population. (7) | 2003| 2004| 2005| 2006| 2007| 2008| 2009| 2010| 2011| Population, thous| 1.293| 1.290| 1.286| 1.282| 1.277| 1.274 | 1.271| 1.268| 1.266| Deaths, persons| 13.652 | 13.349 | 13.620 | 13.803 | 13.709 | 13.891 | 13.797 | 14.006 | -| Live Births, persons| 11.538  | 11.274 | 11.477| 11.349  | 11.971| 12.736 | 12.741 | 12.445 | -| Arrivals, persons| 3.372 | 3.340 | 3.311 | 3.307 | 3.406 | | | | | Departures, persons| 5.839 | 5.655 | 5.545 | 6.102 | 6.035 | | | | |

However, the whole share of economically active people is still large (713 thousand people) and both activity and employment rate are increasing since 2009 year (in Świętokrzyskie Voivodship activity rate is 57,5% in 2011, while in Poland it is lower - 55,8%). Moreover, it is quite a young group: 436 thousand of employed persons are of age 15-44. 60% of the population is at working age, each year there are around 4000 school leavers looking for a first job. There are 2 public universities and 14 private colleges, in which approximately 52,9 thousand students study, which acoounts for 2,8% of all students in Poland. The demographic factor is one of the most important factors determining development opportunities, and as regard to Świętokrzyskie Voivodship it...
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