An Examination of the Boundaries of, and the Theoretical Justification for Judicial Review in Tanzania.

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TUMAINI UNIVERSITY
IRINGA UNIVERSITY COLLEGE
FACULTY OF LAW

RESEARCH PROPOSAL

RESEARCHERS:

❑ JESCA KABISSA
❑ PETER R. THADEO

SUPERVISOR:

❑ MISS. RUHUNDWA

TOPIC: AN EXAMINATION OF THE BOUNDARIES OF, AND THE THEORETICAL JUSTIFICATION FOR JUDICIAL REVIEW IN TANZANIA.

CONTENT PAGE 1. Introduction ------------------------------------------------------------------- 2 1. Administrative Authority, the overview ----------------- - 2 2. Types of Administrative Authority --------------------------- 2 2. Useful of the study ------------------------------------------------------------ 3 3. Background to the Problem ------------------------------------------------- 4 1. Judicial Review, defined ------------------------------------------- 4 2. Historical Background of Judicial Review -------------------- 4 3. Introduction of Judicial Review in Tanzania ------------------ 5 4. Boundaries of Judicial Review ------------------------------------ 6 4. Statement of the Problem ----------------------------------------------------- 6 5. Objective of the Study ---------------------------------------------------------- 6 6. Study Hypotheses ---------------------------------------------------------------- 7 7. Significances of the Study ----------------------------------------------------- 7 8. Literature Review ----------------------------------------------------------------- 8 9. Scope of the Research ----------------------------------------------------------- 12 10. Research Methodology ---------------------------------------------------------- 13 1. Documentary Review ------------------------------------------------ 13 2. Interview ----------------------------------------------------------------- 13 11. Sampling Plan ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 14 12. Bibliography ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 15

Introduction

1. Administrative Authority, the overview
Administration[1] is the management or performance of the executive duties of a government, institution or business. In a technical term[2], it refers to the sum total of acts, which effectuates the will of the state. Administrative act is primarily the act of administrative authority. These administrative authorities include: governmental departments, public officials, statutory bodies, public corporations, administrative tribunals and local authorities. The function of executive power, as defined in the case of Ram Jawaya v State of Punjab[3], was to execute the law, but now the executive has to initiate policy and it is open to them to undertake measures in various spheres either without legislation or in advance of legislative sanctions. Thus on that case the court points out that, the executive powers connotes the residue of governmental functions that remains after legislative and judicial functions are taken away subject, of course, to the provisions of the constitution or of any law. Therefore, administrative act may, accordingly, be statutory as well as non-statutory. 2. Types of Administrative Authorities

The administrative authorities may be divided into three broad categories:[4] One, purely administrative, this is the administrative act or order which supply disposes of a particular case or merely enunciates the policy to be pursued by the administrative authority or the government without immediately affecting the rights of any individual. Two, quasi legislative, this is the function of subordinate legislation or that of making rules, regulations and other statutory instruments to fill in the details of legislative enactments in order to make the execution of the law...
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