A TERM PAPER
AN EVALUATION OF THE RESPONSES OF THE LAGOS STATE GOVERNMENT TO CLIMATE CHANGE
THE DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL STUDIES
FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AKURE
IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE AWARD OF B.TECH IN STATISTICS
1.2Definition of Climate Change
1.3.2Climate of Lagos
1.4Aims and Objectives
2.0CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
2.1Natural Causes of Climate Change
2.3General Effects of Climate Change
2.4Effects on Coastal Regions
3.1Planting of Trees
3.2.1Setting up Climate Change Clubs in Schools:
3.2.2Climate Change Summit
3.2Implementation of a coastal defences program
3.3.1Drainage Rehabilitation and Flood Control
3.3.2Implementation of Laws that Prevents Environmental Degradation
4.1 General Overview (Summary)
Lagos State and many other coastal regions in Nigeria are very vulnerable to flood, but it seems that Lagos State is the only state that is conscious of this danger. In the past three years, it is very evident that Lagos State Government has taken some measures to mitigate the effects of climate change. This paper evaluates the responses of the Lagos State Government to climate change. Climate change refers to a change in the state of the climate that can be identified by changes and fluctuations in the pattern of its properties, which lasts for extended periods, typically decades or longer (IPCC, 2007). Lagos State is located on the south-western part of Nigeria on the narrow coastal flood plain of Bight of Benin. It lies approximately on longitude 20 420E and 3 220E east respectively and between latitude 600 220N. Lagos State is bounded in the North and East by Ogun State of Nigeria, in the West by the Republic of Benin, and in the South by the Atlantic Ocean. (Lagos State Government, 2010). The climate in Lagos is tropical, hot and wet. The environment is characterized with coasts and wetlands, sandy barrier islands, beaches, low-lying tidal flats and estuaries. The average temperature in Lagos is 270C and the annual average rainfall 1532mm (Sada, 2005). With this paper, we intend to reveal how climate change dangers have compelled Lagos state government to take some certain measures to mitigate the ever threatening effects of climate change. Using this as an indicator to other coastal regions in Nigeria, we wish to emphasize that the dangers of climate change can be apparently lessened.
CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
The major causes of climate change may be due to natural causes or anthropogenic causes (i.e the result of human activities). The Natural causes include: molten magma activities, lunar activities, etc. The nautral causes cannot be attributed to the severeness of climate change because most of them rarely occur and do not have much effect as the anthropogenic causes. Meanwhile, most of the significant climate changes over the years have been by anthropogenic causes. Of all the climate change, global warming is the most severe with much impact and human activity is most likely responsible for it. Global Warming is caused by the build-up of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) in the atmosphere such as carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide,
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCS) and methane, as a result of human activities such as; burning of fossil fuels, bush burning, use of machines that produce smoke, cooking etc. these Greenhouse Cases (GHG) form a sort of blanket over the Earth, trapping in heat that will normally escape the atmosphere (Federal Ministry of Environment, 2010).
Climate change has the potential of affecting all natural and human...