An Essay Based on the Different Areas of Occupational Therapy

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Your assignment is based on the different areas of occupational therapy – An occupational therapist can work in many areas of the health service. In your assignment it looks in debt at a number of these areas and the roles and responsibilities of the occupational therapist. Acknowledgements

I would like to express my special appreciation and thanks to my lecturer Philomena Mccluskey you have been a tremendous mentor for me. Your advice on both my research assignments as well as on my career guidance has been invaluable. I would also like to express my thanks to the staff at the Cavan Institute library that could not be more helpful when I was researching my assignment and providing some useful resources. Introduction

Appropriate planning was undertaken in this assignment to give an insight into the diverse areas of occupational therapy. According to the NHS, occupational therapy is the assessment and treatment of physical and psychiatric conditions using specific purposeful activity to prevent disability and promote independent function in all aspects of life. The aim of this study is to evaluate the appropriate skills and personal qualities needed to be an occupational therapist assistant. The author will look in-depth at the areas of employment an occupational therapist assistant can work in. e.g. both public and private. The collaboration of the different disciplines team members such as health care support workers and physiotherapist assistants will also be looked and how their roles differ from an occupational therapy assistant. Main Body

* Understanding and knowledge of the practice of Occupational Therapy Occupational therapy is the art and science of enabling engagement in everyday living (Townsend& Polatajko, 2007, p. 372).Occupational therapists are concerned with facilitating individuals to do everyday things that they see relevant to their lifestyle. The chief function of an occupational therapist is to improve patient care through continues determination and assurance that the patient will overcome their established condition, whether it is a mental health issue or a physical disability. The primary intentions of an Occupational therapist are to provide intervention that will assist in the rehabilitation of the client and try to offer the patient a sense of self-discipline. Firstly the occupational therapist has to assess the patient’s performance in daily living and evaluate their physical and cognitive ability (multiple sclerosis society Ireland, 2013). The occupational therapist will also look at the residential confinement that the patient is living in and consider its potential for future functionality. Furthermore, the Occupational therapist aims to empower people to reach their full potential, achieve their goals, and enjoy life to the full (British association of occupational therapists, 2013). A lot of patients being treated usually have a loss of confidence and may suffer from slight anxiety or depression. According to the work of Holmes and Rahe, they suggest that ‘an accumulation of significant life events in any one year increases your vulnerability to stress related problems’ (Holmes & Rahe 1967). This issue can be resolved by introducing cognitive behavioural techniques and setting realistic goals for patients that are attainable within a certain period of time (short term and long term goals). Occupational therapists work in a variety of settings including hospitals, day care centres, nursing homes, schools, universities, community centres and rehabilitation centres. Many also work in private practice and provide occupational therapy in the client's home or residential setting (AOTI 2013). The knowledge and practice of an occupational therapist is vital when collaborating with other disciplinary team members such as physiotherapists, speech and language therapists, nurses and doctors when assessing patients. * An appreciation of the theories and principles of...
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