On“WHO’S AFRAID OF VIRGINIA WOOLF?” by edward albee
1. A. Background of the Study
Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? was a play work by Edward Albee. It was produced in New York in 1962. Actually, this era is the transition of modernism into postmodernism that using the absurdist paradigm in order to break the rules of modernism and found a new era. The theme of the story tells about human condition at that era with combined by Albee with theory of absurd. It was taken as a symbol to the 1960s American society. Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? was written during a period in American culture that seemed noisy clean on the surface, but was much darker underside its pretense. InWho’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf, Albee wants to show that people in their life should realize the truth to balance their dreams/illusion.Albee wants to say something profound about the human condition.Albee’s plays often show separated individuals who suffer because of unfair social or moral. Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? was a story about illusions and reality/truth in human life.Ittells about the emptiness that surrounds and threatens to break our relationships.There are questions of vision, of dramatic truth and rightness.The story describes about the husband and wife (George and Martha), whose life is very much frustrated. They only argue all the time because their unsuccessful dreams. The violence could not let them in their partnership. They seem to be tired of arguing. This condition shows the common American’s society life style at that time. The work becomes a deeply satire for a woman (Martha) because she can’t reach her dreams.
There is nothing (absurd) about Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf. On the story, the action is more secret / unmeaning, and the messages are about depressionof the people’s mind and dejected. The illusion/fantasy designed to point up our sad psychic poverty and fix the relationship between illusion and reality/truth. Sometimes, the dreams that should be got by human life based on their willing doesn’t come and become truth. The sadness of depression appear from the failure of great desire or human dreams which never reached by human being.
1. B. Statement of the problem
From the background ofthe study above, we want to discuss about “What is the correlation of the illusion and the truth with the depression of human being throughon Psychoanalysis theory onWho’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? by Edward Albee?
1. C. Theoretical framework
In this analysis, we want to take the Psychoanalysis theory to correlate it with the message from the story ofWho’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? We choose the Psychoanalysis theory because the idea of this theory is having relationship and suitable with the value/message that deliver in the story of Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf, actually about human mind, desire, their broken psychological and the relationship each other. Psychoanalysis theory was developed by Sigmund Freud in late nineteenth century. The idea of Psychoanalysis theory is “There is a crisis of human relationships, and of the human personality, as well as a social convulsion.” In this theory also tells,“What has dominated human history to date is the need tolabour; and for Freud that harsh necessity means that we must repress someoffour tendencies to pleasure and gratification.”Psychoanalysis is not only a theory of the human mind, but a practice for curing those who are considered mentally ill or disturbed. The work of psychoanalysis can perhaps best be summarized in one ofFreud’s own slogans: ‘Where id was, there shall ego be’.It goes without saying, Freud declares, ‘that acivilization which leaves so large a number ofits participants unsatisfied anddrives them into revolt neither has nor deserves the prospect of a lasting existence.’ The content of this theory...