Both the United States and Australia were once a British colony. However, this right pair of fellow sufferers had embarked on completely different paths of development two hundred years later: the United States had become the world pole, Australia had entered the ranks of developed countries, but in terms of the economic, financial and educational fields, there was a big gap between the two countries. I think that the choice of political system is crucial to the country's development. The U.S.A and Australia chose the different political systems, so they took the different directions: the United States opted for a democratic republic that was advanced and made bold innovations, eventually the U.S.A. become a superpower. Australia followed the British monarchy that was relatively speaking more conservative than Republic, and along with the development of history, ultimately Australia widened the gap with the U.S.A. This paper consists of three parts. The first part is a brief introduction on the polities of the two countries, including their respective forms of government, structures, the state organs of power, the organizations and activities of political parties and introduction of the electoral system. The second part analyzes the causes of two countries choosing their own political system. I think the nature of the two first settlers decided the choices of their respective political system. The first settlers in United States were mainly puritans who were bold and innovative, they wanted freedom and democracy. At the same time, they had the courage to resist imperial power, so they chose a political theory of Montesquieuthe separation of powers to suppress imperial power; finally they developed their own political system in line with the country's practical situation. While the initial migration in Australia was mainly the British exiled offenders. In essence, these people were directly controlled by the British government, they had no independent thinking and still retained the British conservative concept. Subsequently, Australia had been a British colony over a century, so naturally it adopted the British monarchy. The third major part discuses the phenomenon of Americanization as well as the emerging reasons in Australia. I think there are three main reasons: first the British became weaker and weaker, it lost its influence and control in Australia; on the one hand, the United States had risen quickly and its influence in the world spread rapidly, so Australia was unavoidably influenced. On the other hand, Australians believed that they could become another United States, so they began to absorb and imitate various aspects of the United States. Taking the above reasons into consideration, the trend of Americanization in Australia is inevitable. This paper will strive to solve the above points in detail, and articulate the issues in a unique way.
2 Definition of Political system
Political system refers to the organization and management of the state power and the activities of the country's political system. First, it refers to the form of state power, including the form of government (such as constitutional monarchy, parliamentary republic, president republic and the republican system of the Commission), structure (such as a single system, federalism and confederation), and the principle of organization and activities of state power (such as the principle of separation of powers); Second, it also includes the system of other organizations and the political behavior linked to the national government (such as political parties, the electoral system). Modern Western political system is a typical form of bourgeois democracy. Since the mid-70s of the 20th Century, Bourgeois Democracy as a common political model prevailed in the major capitalist countries.
2.1 The political system in the United States
The United States is a republican state; the political system is republican president....