American in the 1790s-1850s Socially, Politically, and Economically

Topics: John Quincy Adams, Democratic Party, Thomas Jefferson Pages: 4 (1404 words) Published: December 13, 2012
AAmerica began as a small struggling nation, with each citizen desiring an opportunistic way of life. To achieve this way of life, many changes needed to be made. Different people with distinctive ideas came together, and although there was conflict, they made great changes politically, socially, and economically. Each aspect changed America tremendously in a variety of ways. Analyzing each specific change can determine the extent in which America has changed for better or for worse. The creators of the Constitution wanted a one party system, but during the election of 1796 the one party system started to split. John Adams and Thomas Jefferson were the candidates for the election; Adams won president and Jefferson as vice president. Adams being a Federalist faced many different political opinions from Jefferson, a Republican. The First American Party System was the Federalist Party and the Democratic Republican Party. The Federalist Party was organized by figures that were in favor of a strong federal government, and had relations with the British. The base of power of the Federalist Party was in New England and was made up of merchants, property owners, and urban workers who were tied to the commercial economy. The Democratic Republican Party was created to oppose the Federalists. They also wanted to limit federal power and did not agree with England’s form of government. The Democratic Republican party’s supporters were Southern planters and Northern farmers. Jefferson had his own followers called the Jeffersonian Republicans. Jefferson’s inauguration was a huge occasion in American history because it marked for the peaceful transition from one political party to another. While Jefferson was president he managed to cut all internal taxes, reduce the size of the army and navy, reduce the number of government staff, and eliminate the entire national debt that was inherited from the Federalists. Later on in 1816, James Monroe was elected president, which ended...
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