Amalgamation of the Princely States in India

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Gujarat National Law University

Research Paper-Introduction to Indian History
Topic-Amalgamation of Princely States in India

Amalgamation of the Princely States in India

By:
Devanshi Sharma
First Semester
Table of Contents
1. Introduction..............................................................................................................4 2. Chamber of Princes and its importance...................................................................7 3. Lapse of Paramountcy............................................................................................12 4. Policy of Accession................................................................................................15 5. Integration of States...............................................................................................19 * Travancore……………………………………………………..……19 * Jodhpur……………………………………………………...………23 * Junagadh…………………………………………………….………27 * Hyderabad…………………………………………………………...38 * Kashmir………………………………………………………..……44 * Other States……………………………………………………...….51 6. Sardar’s role……………………………………………………………………...53 7. Present day scenario………………………………………………………...……56

Introduction
History of the Unity of India
India has a highly complex and colourful social mosaic. Yet, although characterized by a vast spread of cultural diversity and heterogeneity, this mosaic is not chaotic. It has a clearly discernible pattern, wherein socio-cultural diversity draws its strength and sustenance from India’s composite culture and civilizational thrust. This culture has evolved over centuries, through a process of assimilation and amalgamation of the diverse cultural influxes coming with the hordes of invaders- the Aryans, The Sakas, the Pathans, the Moghuls and the Europeans. From the earliest times, spasmodic attempts were made to bring about India’s consolidation. A pioneering effort in this direction was made by the Magadhan kings, Bimbisara and Ajatshatru, in the 6th century B.C. But it was not till about three centuries later that under the Mauryas, and particularly Asoka, a large portion of India came under the sway of one emperor. The Mauryan Empire lasted only for about a hundred years and after its disruption the country again lapsed into numerous kingdoms. Nearly five centuries later, Chandragupta and his illustrious son Samudragupta, brought the major part of the country under their suzerainty; and Harsha in the seventh century, was able to make himself the undisputed master of north India. These and later attempts at political consolidation failed again and again for one chief reason: the empires were held together almost entirely by the personality and might of the emperor. The whole edifice crumbled when a line of ‘supermen’ came to an end. Even under these emperors, a diversity of autonomous states constituted the mosaic of an empire. There was a perpetual struggle for supremacy. Mutual jealousies and conflicts made the county an easy prey to any organized invasion. The Muslims were thus able to vanquish the Hindu kingdoms in north India. Muslim rule in north India was founded in A.D. 1206, when Qutb-ud-din Aibak proclaimed himself the Sultan of Delhi. From this date to 1526, the year of downfall of the Sultanate, Delhi had as many as five Muslim dynasties and thirty-three Sultans. The Moghuls appeared on the scene in 1526, when Babur defeated the last Sultan of Delhi in the Battle of Panipat. He thus laid the foundation of the Moghul Empire in India. During the time of his grandson, Akbar, the Moghuls reached the meridian of their glory. But neither the Sultans nor the Moghuls did away with the system of subordinate rulers. It must be emphasised that not even in the palmiest days of the Hindu and Moghul empires did the entire country come under one political umbrella. Lastly, the British came and ruled over India for nearly 200 years. After the Battle of Plassey in 1757, the British achieved...
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