“All I know is that I know nothing” argued the deep ancient philosopher Socrates. His argument is based on the fact that one cannot know anything with absolute certainty; they could only know something with a fractional amount of confidence. Socrates had written this quote nearly two thousand year ago. With our vast advances in modern technology, science, mathematics, and equipment to record data, over the last two millenniums, one would assume that we would long grow this view of not knowing anything. However, the vaster amount of knowledge we obtain we somehow gain the unveiling of new unknown knowledge. The famous phrase answers breed more questions, suggests that we are in a never ending loop of certainty about reality. Could Socrates be right after all? Do we actually know anything about reality?
On a very simple basic level of understanding, questioning reality seems a bit too radical, irrational and just plain stupid. The world would simply be what it is around us; the nature of the objects would be according to our senses. However, as science progressed by, we realized our senses aren’t always right. In fact, we have found many flaws in human perception such as the McGurk effect, which is an illusion, occurs when the auditory component of one sound is paired with the visual component of another sound, leading to the perception of a third sound. An example of this McGurk effect is a when McGurk asked his technician to make a videotape with the audio syllable "ba" dubbed onto a visual "ga." When they played the tape, McGurk and McDonald perceived "da." Confusion reigned until they realized that "da" resulted from a flaw in human perception. He tested it out with children and other subjects who received the same results to realize that even simple human perception of sight and sound can be twisted and tricked. Many other physiological experiments show flaws in human perception such as the blind spot our eyes cannot observe an image correctly, or and...
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