About the place and Geological location
Tirumala Venkateswara Temple is a magnificent temple of Lord Venkateswara (also known as Balaji, Vishnu, Govinda and Srinivasa). Nested in the town Tirumala, near Tirupati in the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh, India. Venkatadri, one of the seven hills of Tirumala, holds the articulately carved temple and so it is also known as the Temple of Seven Hills. The word “tirupati”, means the lord of “Lakshmi”. It is located 580 kilometers south of state capital, Hyderabad , about 200 kilometers from Bangalore and 157 kilometers (98 mi) North West of Chennai. The temple is known to be the most riches places of worship in the world. About 3 to 4 crore people annually visit the temple, while on special occasions and festivals, like the annual Brahmotsavam, the number of believers rises to a whopping 500,000 daily, making it the most visited holy place in the world.
According to legend, the temple has a murti(deity) of Lord Venkateswara, believed to have resided there for the entire Kali Yuga. The Vijayanagara emperors loaded the temple with a huge amount of diamonds and gold. The coronation ceremonies of the emperors were also held at Tirupati. In 1517, Krishnadevaraya, on one of his many visits to the temple, donated gold and jewels, enabling the Vimana (inner shrine) roofing to be gilded. The Maratha general Raghoji Bhonsle visited the temple and set up a permanent administration for the conduct of worship in the temple. Among the later rulers who endowed large benefactions were the rulers of Mysore and Gadwal. In 1843, with the coming of the East-India Company, the administration of the Sri Venkateswara Temple and a number of shrines was entrusted to Seva Dossji of the Hathiramji Mutt at Tirumala as Vicaranakarta for nearly a century until 1932, when Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD) was established as a result of the TTD Act, 1932.
The tirupati temple has possibly has the most immaculately designed queue system to sequence and guide the visiting devotees through the holy shrine. A virtual queue system has been set up by the local authorities of the temple, where the devotees are given a specific time, only after which they will be allowed into the queue complex. This has resulted in a steep drop (by a factor of five) in the time that devotees need to spend within the Queue Complex leading to the main temple. Also the comfort of the pilgrims has been kept in mind and several seats are built along the queue so that the devotees do not have to be standing all this while
Festivals The town celebrates most Vaishnava festivals including Vaikunta Ekadasi, Rama Navami and Janmashtami with great splendor, while the Brahmotsavam celebrated every year during September is the most important festivals in Tirumala, when it receives millions of devotees over a short span of a week. Other major festivals include Vasanthotsavam (spring festival) conducted during March-April and Rathasapthami (Magha Shuddha Saptami) is another festival, celebrated during February, when Lord Venkateswara's deity is taken on procession around the temple chariots.
Seasons to visit
The land of Tirupati has hot summers and pleasant winters.
* Summers (March to June) are hot with maximum temperature going up to 42°C to 45 °C, sightseeing tourists typically avoid the hot summer months April and May. * Monsoons (July to September) give relief to the hot climate with medium rainfalls, Tirupati looks good during the mild showers. * Post Monsoons (October to November) are associated with heavy rains, thunder storms and cyclones onset and it is advisable not to venture out for outings in unfavorable days. * Winters (December to February) are very pleasant with the minimum mercury level of above 15°C, most of the travelers like this season. Temple is open all through the year, but the best season to visit...
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