Algal Bio-Diesel Power Plant

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ALGAL BIO-DIESEL POWER PLANT
INTRODUCTION:
Algae- most promising alternative renewable energy source available. It decreases the need for fossil fuels and thus makes our environment healthier. Algae oil is produced as much faster as 30 times than other biomass feedstock while its producing amount is up to 300 times more resulting 600 tons of bio-diesel per day which will produce 200MW of electricity per hour.

MAJOR COMPONENTS IN ALGAE BIO-DIESEL POWER PLANT:
1. Algae plantation
2. Algae oil extraction and bio-diesel plant
3. Internal combustion power plant

Continuous Algae production utilizing the photobioreactors is a highly reliable method for producing high density monocultures of marine and fresh water algae. The total control of all parameters are automatically controlled via a PLC, making the device dramatically reduce the labor requirements and eliminates handling problems. The photobioreactors work by recirculating algae, nutrients, water and CO2 through transparent tubes to maximize the amount of light reaching the algal cells, the short light field maximizes this process; thereby enhancing the photosynthesis process. There are two major types of extraction namely

* Mechanical extraction
* Chemical Extraction
The chemical extraction methods for algae extraction is done mainly using Chemical Solvents such as Benzene, Hexane. Other chemical methods include soxhlet extraction and supercritical fluid extraction. The mechanical extraction methods include the Ultrasonic Extraction. INTERNAL COMBUSTION POWER PLANT

T
he
above figure represents the IC Eng
ine used in the power
INTERNAL COMBUSTION POWER PLANT

T
he
above figure represents the IC Eng
ine used in the power

plant. Internal combustion engines are constructed from one or more cylinders, each sealed at one end and open at the other, in which close fitting pistons can move up and down. The engine derives its power from the...
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