Air Pollution in Hochiminh City

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THE EFFECTS OF INDUSTRIALIZATION
TO AIR POLLUTION
IN HO CHI MINH CITY
Ho Chi Minh City, 24 Nov, 2012

Lecturer:Vo Duc Hoang Vu

Students:Nguyen Thi Ngoc Chau1001017412
Le Thi Thuy Hong1001017456
Nguyen Pham Dieu Linh1001017479

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION:1
I- INDUSTRIALIZATION IN HO CHI MINH CITY:1
1. Industrialization definition:1
2. Industrialization growth in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC):1
II- AIR POLLUTION IN HO CHI MINH CITY:2
1. Air pollution definition:2
2. Air pollution present situation in Ho Chi Minh City:2
III- INDUSTRIALIZATION TO AIR POLLUTION:3
1. Case study3
2. The effects in HCMC:4
3. The impacts of air pollution to people lives and the economics:5 IV- SOLUTION PROPOSAL:7
CONCLUSION:8

INDEX & NOTES9
BIBLIOGRAPHY & REFERENCE10

FIGURE AND TABLE
Picture – Table of the Coal Consumption in Beijing4
Table – Emissions from industrial activities5
INTRODUCTION:
Industrialization is considered the shortest way to help Vietnam escape from poverty. Thanks to industrialization and modernization, since Doi Moi (Renovation), Vietnam has overcome poverty threshold in 2010, entered the middle-income countries. However, besides these outstanding achievements, we are faced with serious environmental challenges. According to statistics of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the country has nearly 4,000 production facilities, more than 1,500 villages has polluted and more than 200 industrial parks need to be controlled of their emission. In an article of Tuoitrenews (Wed, May 2, 2012), we were informed of reality of Vietnam’s environment: “Air quality in Vietnam is lagging among the ten worst nations in the world, ranking 123rd, and it is forecast that air pollution will continue to worsen in the near future and may fall to 125th place, according to the EPI survey. This information, while alarming, is now new, as independent surveys by Vietnamese agencies have reached the conclusion that the country’s air pollution has worsened at a steady rate and has reached an alarming level, said Ph.D. Ngo Duc The -- a Vietnamese professor of the National University of Singapore. Smoke and dust created by trucks are the main factors leading to the decline in air quality in Vietnam, especially in major cities like Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City” (http://www.tuoitrenews.vn/cmlink/tuoitrenews/features/vietnam-air-pollution-among-the-worst-in-the-world-1.70439)

I- INDUSTRIALIZATION IN HO CHI MINH CITY:
1. Industrialization definition:
The process in which a society or country (or world) transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services. Individual manual labor is often replaced by mechanized mass production and craftsmen are replaced by assembly lines. Characteristics of industrialization include the use of technological innovation to solve problems as opposed to superstition or dependency upon conditions outside human control such as the weather, as well as more efficient division of labor and economic growth. (Definition of 'Industrialization' from Investopedia.com) 2. Industrialization growth in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC)

Air pollution is an alarming issue for the urban environment, industrial area in our country nowadays. Air pollution has adverse effect on human health, affecting ecosystem and climate change.  The quicker our country industrialized, the more it gets polluted. Old industry (mainly before 1975) are all small and middle industry, underdeveloped manufacturing technology, a few factories have dust-filtered devices, not to mention contaminated air-filtered devices. In general, old industry does not apply for environment standard. In HCMC, there are about 500 enterprises within 700 industrial bases that locate downtown. Along with industrialization, mechanized transportations number has increased really fast, especially inside urban areas. Before 1980, 80 – 90% citizens travel around by...
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