Dr. Katia Perea
The Agricultural Revolution which began in 17th century helped increase agricultural productivity and spearheaded the transformation of society to what it is today. During the Agricultural Revolution certain new tools such as the plow were introduced to the farmers. Animals, rather than humans pulled the plows through large expanse of land, allowing for greater agricultural productivity than before. Therefore, more land was farmed over a shorter period of time, and by fewer people. The use of irrigation and plows allowed for the increase in food and water supplies that enabled the domestication of trade, government, and technology. One of the key goals for survival of any society, is to have a sufficient supply of food and water, where a large groups of people can develop housing and an infrastructure that would sustain the demand of an evolving society. The increased productivity resulted in more people being free to engaged in other types of work. As production increased , wealth increased. The plantation owners became the elite group and gained control as the plutocracies. Gradually, inequalities evolved around the ability to provide food by ownership of land, which were primarily held by the white land owners. Black workers were found to be more efficient and enduring of the warm climate, and were critical to the level of production of each land owner. As a result, land owners were the privileged group who were able to pursue an education and gain vital knowledge. Conversely non land owners and their families became the working class, dependant on the opportunities afforded by land owners for their subsistence. Even today one can see how entrepreneurs and business owners are the ones that drive productivity and opportunities for working class men and women. Some concerns that came out of the Agricultural Revolution, which is still prevalent today is the inequality of gender roles. Due to...