Against Public Performances by Animals

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...Yet, in pursuit of these goals, they cause incalculable amounts of animal suffering. The overwhelming majority of animal suffering is not the result of cruelty, and therefore the injunction to avoid cruelty is largely irrelevant to thetreatment of animals in society. At the same time, restricting one's moral vocabulary to "cruelty" in assessing the treatment of animals leads to a situation where those who are concerned about animals tar all those who cause animal suffering with the same brush, be they dog fighters or medical researchers; if they cause animal suffering, they are ipso facto "cruel." essays on cruelty to animals

One of the most pervasive claims about the moral status of other creatures— a claim that, as we shall see, permeates our laws concerning cruelty to animals—grows historically out of the positions we have discussed. This approach, epitomized in the writings of Saint Thomas Aquinas and Immanuel Kant, suggests that although animals are not themselves direct objects of moral concern, there are nonetheless certain things that are not morally justifiable when done to animals. On this view, unnecessary cruelty to animals is forbidden, not, however, because animals are intrinsically objects of moral attention, but rather because of the psychological fact that people who brutalize animals will or may tend to behave cruelly toward other people. research paper animal abuse

Much of the abuse to which animals are subjected in scientific practice can be traced directly to the nature of scientific education, or perhaps one ought to say, scientific training. Contrary to what the layperson or humanist tends to expect, the training of professional scientists, pure and applied, is not designed to foster Newtons, Einsteins, or Darwins.Although the essence of science in one sense consists of free thought and inquiry, the spirit of wonder harnessed to relentless questioning, the actual molding of a scientific career bears little resemblance to this ideal. animal abuse research papers

Although, in theory, the papers describing the projects are public knowledge and ought to be made available upon request to any interested citizen, in point of fact the agency consistently failed to turn over the documents and was sued by Friends of Animals before they released them. The point is to look at these projects in the cold light of day, to have them reviewed by people outside the circle of mutual masturbation that sometimes tends to characterize "peer review" for federal funding. The public, and the legislators, must be made aware of the incredible amounts of public money being spent on psychological research of questionable validity and significant animal abuse. animal abuse essay

Many researchers, especially human medical researchers, know virtually nothing about the animals they use, save that the animals model a particular disease syndrome. One could get an M.D.-Ph.D. degree in an animal-using area of biomedicine and never learn anything about the animals one uses in terms of their needs and natures, physical and psychological.Such ignorance alone assured that a significant amount of animal abuse would attend the reseach process. Buttressed by scientific ideology's denial of concern with ethics and with mental states in animals, one had a situation that made such abuse inevitable (for example, by absolving the research community of any knowledge of laboratory animal analgesia). against animal testing essay

Much scientific research has been put in peril by a failure to see how various forms of pain, suffering, disease, and unhappiness can skew relevant physiological and metabolic variables. All of us are aware of the metabolic and physiological changes that stress, tension, pain, fear, and anxiety can cause in our bodies. The same is true of animals. Vernon Riley showed that, not surprisingly, animals living under unpleasant conditions experienced higher incidence of tumors; the implications of this for cancer research...
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